Paper 97 WAC-81
Aircraft Control Using Stagnation Point Displacement

Leigh-Ann Darden and Narayanan Komerath

Copyright © 1997 by the authors. Published by SAE International, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission

ABSTRACT A Stagnation Point Actuator is used to control the lateral dynamics of vortices generated over a sharp-pointed forebody, at high angles of attack, and the resulting rolling moment is studied. Effective roll control is demonstrated, including the ability to suppress the wing rock phenomenon. Piecewise-linear transfer functions are developed from experimental data for the changes in roll moment and pressure difference with actuator frequency content. These transfer functions are reduced to compact form in the frequency domain, and then to a time-domain model using 2 gains and 2 time scales. The roll response is classified according to angle of attack range. Some long time scales are observed in the surface pressure, velocity field and rolling moment, making the response relatively insensitive to speed. Thus over substantial speed ranges, linear transfer functions are shown to effectively describe the roll response to motion of the Stagnation Point Actuator. While much remains to be learned about vortex response, simple empirical approaches are thus shown to hold promise in developing controllers, when combined with adaptive control systems.