Lunar Resources

Orbit, distance from the Earth, gravity, g-jitter, launch velocity

Lagrangian Points

Lunar-based Solar Power

Solar Cell Manufacture Power Plants Economics Misc

An Efficient Environment : "The breakthrough came a few years ago when Dr. Alex Ignatiev ... spd.nasa.gov/news/efficient.html

The Space Resources Roundtable, Inc www.mines.edu/research/srr/Space%20Resources%20Roundtable,%20Inc..htm

PSRD Hot Idea: Mining the Moon, Mars, Asteriods ... The trick is to make the solar cells and antennas on the Moon. Alex Ignatiev, Criswell's colleague at the University of Houston, proposed a solution. ... http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Nov00/mining.html

Xin Chen, Naijuan Wu, Laverne Smith and Alex Ignatiev, "Fabrication and Characterization of a New Thin Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cell", (to be published). ... paradise.svec.uh.edu/users/xinchen/publication.html

Moon power: David Criswell's dream of solar energy via the moon http://www.scientecmatrix.com/seghers/tecma/scientecmatrix.nsf/ _/E1EEAC88E30D1109C1256C0100289741

Getting Power From The Moon http://www.aip.org/isns/reports/2002/040.html

 

Metals

Resources Processes Costs Misc
Analysis of Lunar Soil Simulant JSC-1 ... Experiment 8: Chemical Analysis of JSC-1 lunar simulant, Image Size = 144Kb Performed at the facilities of Weirton Steel Corporation, Weirton, WV. ... http://www.weir.net/~andrews/nasa/

Moon Miners' Manifesto: Concept Papers of Seattle Lunar Group ... ... lunar regolith. In order to create lunar steel, it may be necessary to import certain trace elements, such as carbon and nickel. ... http://www.asi.org/adb/06/09/03/02/ 108/lunar_studies_part3.htm

LiTeRaTi (Material models, lunar exploration) ... For sale is a research code for use with a commercial finite element program, including all major aspects needed for simulating quenching of steel . Lunar base ... http://www.algonet.se/~literat/

Oxygen & other gases

Resources Processes Costs Misc
       

 

Lunar Oxygen Production from Ilmenite/Fluid Particle Processing<br>
Johnson Space Center 1984 Phase II Lunar Oxygen Production from Ilmenite/Fluid<br>
Particle Processing. Carbotek Development Laboratories. ...<br>
sbir.gsfc.nasa.gov/SBIR/successes/ss/9-008text.html - 8k - Cached - Similar
pages</p>
<p>[PPT]Carbotek<br>
File Format: Microsoft Powerpoint 97 - View as HTML<br>
Lunar Oxygen Production from Ilmenite/Fluid Particle Processing Carbotek<br>
Development Laboratories, Houston, TX. Innovation. Developed ...<br>
sbir.gsfc.nasa.gov/SBIR/successes/ ss/files/Jsc09/ss-9-008.ppt - Similar pages<br>
[ More results from sbir.gsfc.nasa.gov ]</p>
<p>Lunar Oxygen Verification Experiment: Lunar Rover<br>
LOVE Lunar Oxygen Verification Experiment. Rover Subsystem. &quot;Raider Red&quot;.<br>
Texas Tech University Rover Design Team. Richard Eddings Structure ...<br>
www.tsgc.utexas.edu/archive/design/lunar_rover/ - 2k - Cached - Similar pages</p>
<p>Lunar Oxygen Production Plant: Specification Sheet<br>
Lunar Oxygen Production Plant: Specification Sheet. ... Annarella &amp; all,&quot;Water
and Oxygen<br>
Resources : a Lunar Discovery Mission&quot;, Universty of Texas, Fall 1994.
...<br>
www.tsgc.utexas.edu/tadp/1995/spects/o2.html - 15k - Cached - Similar pages<br>
[ More results from www.tsgc.utexas.edu ]</p>
<p>Papers &amp; Publications - Research on lunar oxygen production<br>
... Research on lunar oxygen production Published: 1996. Author: Shimizu<br>
Corporation. Origin: Space Technology Division Brochure. Editor ...<br>
www.spacefuture.com/cgi/ glossary.cgi?gl=doc&amp;term=Research%20on%20lunar%20oxygen%20production
- 10k - Cached - Similar pages</p>
<p>Lunar Oxygen Prod<br>
... pp. 1157-1166, 1994. LUNAR OXYGEN PRODUCTION - A MATURING TECHNOLOGY. ...
Frame<br>
width = 140 &micro;m. Prediction of Lunar Oxygen Yields. Analysis ...<br>
ares.jsc.nasa.gov/HumanExplore/Exploration/ EXLibrary/DOCS/EIC048.HTML - 23k
- Cached - Similar pages</p>
<p>Lunar Oxygen<br>
Lunar Oxygen - Ground Truth and Predictions. ... Volcanic Glass The optimum
feedstock<br>
for a lunar oxygen production process may be volcanic glass. ...<br>
ares.jsc.nasa.gov/HumanExplore/Exploration/ EXLibrary/docs/BeyondLEO/leo195/lunox.htm
- 6k - Cached - Similar pages<br>
[ More results from ares.jsc.nasa.gov ]</p>
<p>Moon Miners' Manifesto: Lunar Aluminum and Oxygen Propellants<br>
... Advantages of Lunar Oxygen &amp; Aluminum Together. A particularly appealing
propellant<br>
combination is lunar oxygen plus lunar metals, especially lunar oxygen and ...<br>
www.asi.org/adb/06/09/03/02/095/al-o-propellants.html - 16k - Cached - Similar
pages</p>
<p>Robotic Lunar Liquid Oxygen<br>
... and automated systems. &quot;Oxygen liquefaction is a key processing step<br>
of proposed lunar oxygen production plants.... An aspect of ...<br>
www.magicdragon.com/ComputerFutures/SpacePublications/ llox-footnoted.html -
28k - Cached - Similar pages</p>
<p>Romance to Reality: moon &amp; Mars mission plans<br>
Lunar Oxygen Impact upon STS Effectiveness, Hubert Davis, Eagle Engineering<br>
Report No. 83-63, May 1983. Davis, Senior Vice-President ...<br>
members.aol.com/dsportree/LV09.htm - 5k - Cached - Similar pages</p>

[PDF]FLUORINATION OF LUNAR ILMENITE FOR IN-SITU PRODUCTION OF LUNAR ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
Page 1. FLUORINATION OF LUNAR ILMENITE FOR IN-SITU PRODUCTION OF LUNAR
OXYGEN, IRON, AND TITANIUM. B. Agosto, Lunar Industries, 2402 ...
www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2000/pdf/1554.pdf - Similar pages
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WORLD-M Lunar Oxygen Production Experiment
WORLD-M Lunar Oxygen Production Experiment. ASE 363Q - Design and Testing of Aerospace
Structures. Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics. ...
www.ae.utexas.edu/design/crash/old_public_html/ - 2k - Cached - Similar pages

Oxygen Extraction from Lunar Samples
Oxygen Extraction from Lunar Samples. ... Volcanic Glass - The optimum feedstock
for a lunar oxygen production process may be volcanic glass. ...
www-curator.jsc.nasa.gov/curator/ lunar/lnews/lnmar97/oxygen.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century
... INDUSTRIALIZATION, 529. A Parametric Analysis of Lunar Oxygen Production,
531. Simon, Michael C. Lunar Oxygen Production from Ilmenite, 543. ...
ads.harvard.edu/books/lbsa/toc.html - 39k - Cached - Similar pages

NEEP 602 Lecture #20
Extraction Techniques-Oxygen From Lunar Material. ... The use of hydrogen to reduce
ilmenite for the production of lunar oxygen was first proposed in 1979. ...
silver.neep.wisc.edu/~neep602/lecture20.html - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Resources of Near Earth Space. University of Arizona Press.
... Producing Oxygen by Silicate Melt Electrolysis RO Colson & LA Haskin. Lunar Oxygen
Extraction Using Fluorine W. Seboldt, S. Lingner, S. Hoernes, W. Grimmeisen, R ...
www.uapress.arizona.edu/samples/sam267.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Romance to Reality: moon & Mars mission plans
... Possible surface equipment includes science payloads, a small telerobotic rover,
and a prototype lunar oxygen plant capable of producing 10 kilograms of liquid ...
members.aol.com/dsportree/MM21.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages
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IMPACT OF LUNAR AND PLANETARY MISSIONS ON THE SPACE STATION [ ...
... five habitation modules, a geochemical laboratory, chemical/biological lab, geochemical/petrology
lab, a particle accelerator, a radio telescope, lunar oxygen, ...
www.abo.fi/~mlindroo/Station/Slides/sld036a.htm - 25k - Cached - Similar pages

CARD 95/N50
95/N50, Lunar Resources Exploitation & Lunar Oxygen Production Technologies
contract no.: 11196/94/NL/JG contractor(s): AEA Technology (UK). ...
www.esa.int/gsp/completed/95_N50.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

 

ILR-Mitteilung 335 v. 1999 Abstract
... This report generates cost trends of liquid lunar oxygen used as a propellant, for
a wide range of lunar development scenarios over life-cycles lasting several ...
vulcain.fb12.tu-berlin.de/Raumfahrzeugtechnik/ ILR-Mitteilungen/Abstracts/ILR335.html - 2k - Cached - Similar pages

"LUNOX" [1993]
... The unmanned lander depicted above carries a lunar oxygen production
plant/storage facility and a nuclear power reactor. The total ...
www.abo.fi/~mlindroo/Station/Slides/sld051p.htm - 25k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.abo.fi ]

\ DONATIONS JOIN ADVERTISE ...
... Lunar Fuel Production Equipment: This includes equipment for the production
of liquid silane using Lunar oxygen and hydrogen. The ...
www.translunar.org/Grants.htm - 16k - Cached - Similar pages

1 1975 2 1977 3 1979 4 1981 AAS 1983 5 1985 6 1987 7 1989 8 1991 ...
... Cost-Effectiveness of Lunar Oxygen and Lunar Hydrogen in Future Space
Transportation/Larry Redd, Martin Marietta Astronautics Group, pg. ...
www.ssi.org/body_08-1991.html - 17k - Cached - Similar pages

References from Resources of Near Earth Space
... Title: Lunar Oxygen Extraction Using Fluorine; Author: Seboldt, Wolfgang; Lingner,
Stephan; Affiliation: German Aerospace Research Establishment; Author #2 ...
www.permanent.com/ref-rnes.htm - 20k - Cached - Similar pages

A Lunar Outpost
... the outpost 10. Road to landing pad 11. Solar power system for the
lunar oxygen pilot plant. HqL-273. RETURN TO ASTRONOMY HOME PAGE. ...
vesuvius.jsc.nasa.gov/er/seh/gotomoon.html - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

Extraterrestrial Resources
... Lunar oxygen has potential but doesn't have many existing potential customers.
Helium 3 is not promising any time soon. In General. ... Lunar Oxygen. ...
www.panix.com/~kingdon/space/mining.html - 8k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Development of Construction Technology for Application in Space: ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... LUNAR OXYGEN PRODUCTION Oxygen is one of the most important materials for various
activities on the moon, because this element is indispensable for life ...
buildnet.csir.co.za/cdcproc/docs/1st/matsumoto_s.pdf - Similar pages

Resources of Near-Earth Space (Space Science)
... and Evaluation By LA Taylor, WD Carrier III Producing Oxygen by Silicate Melt Electrolysis
By RO Colson, LA Haskin Lunar Oxygen Extraction Using Fluorine By W. ...
idbdnet.com/lspec/mb83.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]BULK CHEMISTRY AND OXYGEN ISOTOPIC COMPOSITIONS OF LUNAR ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
Page 1. BULK CHEMISTRY AND OXYGEN ISOTOPIC COMPOSITIONS OF LUNAR
METEORITES DHOFAR 025 AND DHOFAR 026 . LA Taylor 1 , MA Nazarov ...
www.lpl.arizona.edu/~bcohen/cv/pubs/LPSC01_bulk.pdf - Similar pages

 

Stanford Systems Aerospace - Home of Discount Propellants
... Inflating the Bladder: Lunar Oxygen. But here comes the even cheesier
part: bladder inflation with indigenous gas. We've determined ...
www.ssaerospace.com/habitat2_printable.php - 14k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Degradation of the Lunar Vacuum by a Moon Base - GA Landis (1990 ...
... This does not assume that the lander is refueled on the moon from lunar oxygen (ie,
it includes the fuel use to relaunch the lander, but does not assume that ...
www.islandone.org/Settlements/DegradeLunarVacuum.html - 25k - Cached - Similar pages

Artemis Project: Process for Developing the Lunar Community ...
... Exporting: 2.1. Lunar Glass and Ceramics; 2.2. Lunar Metals; 2.3.
Lunar Oxygen; 2.4. Lunar Volatiles; 2.5. Other Lunar Non-Metals; 2.6. ...
www.asi.org/adb/06/07/02/01/ 01/econ-model-dev-inst.html - 13k - Cached - Similar pages
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[PDF]template for two-page abstracts in Word 97 (PC)
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... A bibliography of our papers on lunar hydrogen and oxygen production is given below:
References: Colson RO and Haskin LA (1990) Lunar oxygen and metal for use ...
epsc.wustl.edu/admin/research/ haskin/nvm3_00/a_m00h02.pdf - Similar pages

Carlton C. Allen Publications
... process. Mare soil and volcanic glass are attractive feedstocks for
lunar oxygen production, with achievable yields of 2-5 wt%. ...
ilewg.jsc.nasa.gov/ILEWG/register/allen_papers.html - 4k - Cached - Similar pages

Shimizu lunar construction and orbital space hotel
... Fluidized Bed Reactor". A schematic of a Lunar Oxygen Plant shows how
they devise to extract oxygen, iron and titania from ilmenite. ...
www.permanent.com/miss-smz.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages
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[PDF]No Slide Title
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
... The Majority of Lunar Oxygen Producing Schemes Require Between 20-50 kWh per kg
of Oxygen Collected 1 10 100 1000 10000 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Process ...
silver.neep.wisc.edu/~neep533/FALL2001/lecture13.pdf - Similar pages
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[PDF]Carbon-Based Reduction of Lunar Regolith (CRLR) Dr. Eric E. Rice ...
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... To enable in situ production of Lunar oxygen, high-temperature reduction of Lunar
soil can be accomplished using an alternate heating source, achieving high ...
spacescience.spaceref.com/colloquia/mmsm/rice_pos.pdf - Similar pages

ESA - Human Space Flight - THE FUTURE - Living off the land
... With lunar oxygen available, resupply costs undergo a startling transformation.
Not only do the explorers have a homegrown source ...
www.esa.int/export/esaHS/ESAMUP0VMOC_future_0.html - 23k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages
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Publications by Constance Senior
... L. "Lunar Oxygen Production by Pyrolysis of Regolith," Space Manufacturing 8 Energy
and Materials from Space,, B.Faughnan, editor (AIAA, Washington DC) 1991. ...
www.reaction-eng.com/Resumes/seniorpub.html - 19k - Cached - Similar pages

 

Lunar Resources
... to Earth Requires massive construction effort on Moon. Oxygen from
Lunar Material. Ilmenite reduction FeTiO 3 +H 2 <---> Fe+TiO 2 ...
www.seds.org/~rme/lunar.html - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]ELECTROLYTIC SMELTING OF LUNAR ROCK FOR OXYGEN, IRON, AND SILICON
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
Page 1. ELECTROLYTIC SMELTING OF LUNAR ROCK FOR OXYGEN, IRON, AND SILICON Larry A.
Haskin, Russell O. Colson, David J. Lindstrom, Robert H. Lewis, and Krystyna W ...
epsc.wustl.edu/haskin-group/abstract/larry_1992b.pdf - Similar pages
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Texas Space Grant Design Project
LOVE Lunar Oxygen Verification Experiment. ... However, the production of oxygen
on the Moon using lunar raw materials has not been demonstrated. ...
www.ae.utexas.edu/~tsgc/ - 3k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.ae.utexas.edu ]

Photo-s88_33648
... A program to manufacture lunar oxygen would involve a series of development stages
on Earth and on the Moon to demonstrate process feasibility and to generate ...
spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images/ mars/lunarbases/html/s88_33648.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Resource Utilization
... and cargo transport, automation and robotics for mining and surface system integration,
and extraterrestrial chemical processing for unattended lunar oxygen ...
spaceflight.nasa.gov/mars/reference/lunar/lunar1.html - 34k - Cached - Similar pages
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DONATIONS JOIN ADVERTISE ...
... http://members.aol.com/dgportree/ex94c.htm Earth Orbit Rendezvous Concept Lunar
Oxygen Production http://www-sn.jsc.nasa.gov/PlanetaryMissions/EXLibrary/DOCS ...
www.translunar.org/Papers.htm - 13k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.translunar.org ]

UNH Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space
... atoms from that surface. The STICS paper does not speculate as to
the original source of the lunar oxygen. It may come from the ...
www.eos.sr.unh.edu/About/News/Articles?NEWS_ID=108 - 14k - Cached - Similar pages

Courses with Web Pages
... 1993. Bullard, DE, PE Nolan, M. Schabel and DC Lynch, "Lunar Oxygen Production: Increase
Conversion Through Plasma Reduction," in proceedings of the 4th annual ...
www.mse.arizona.edu/faculty/lynch/ lynch_publications.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Apollo 13 Accident
... lower picture shows the Apollo 13 Service Module and the location of the oxygen ...
Apollo 13 Home Page * Apollo Home Page * Lunar Science Home Page * Planetary ...
nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/ap13acc.html - 7k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Dar al Gani 872
... Graph 1 TFL = Terrestrial Fractionation Line. Three-oxygen isotope plot of lunar
and terrestrial samples. ... Graph 2 Meteorites SNC, HED, Lunar: oxygen isotopes. ...
www.saharamet.com/meteorite/gallery/cut872.html - 44k - Cached - Similar pages

ntitled Document
... This analysis assumes that the GLS starts from low Earth orbit with Earth propellants,
and refuels with lunar oxygen and hydrogen at one of the following nodes ...
www.iafastro.com/archives/pap2001/ iaf_abstract/IAFV/V_3-09.htm - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

NYU ELJ FOOTNOTES
... Michael C. Simon, A Parametric Analysis of Lunar Oxygen Production, in Lunar Bases
and Space Activities of the 21st Century 531, 534 (WW Mendell ed., 1985). ...
www.nyu.edu/pages/elj/issueArchive/ vol6/1/6nyuelj126n.html - 33k - Cached - Similar pages

BBC NEWS | Special Report | 1999 | 07/99 | The moon landing | ...
... off the Earth. Because of its use as a rocket fuel and its easy availability,
Lunar oxygen will be highly prized. In fact whoever ...
news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/special_report/1999/07/ 99/the_moon_landing/newsid_395000/395447.stm - 43k - Cached - Similar pages

Ezra Orion
... Veris site (p. 25). It comprises: a landing site, habitat facility
and Lunar oxygen pilot plant. The habitat provides living and ...
www.boker.org.il/meida/negev/orion/solar/esolar.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]ON THE FUTURE OF LUNAR DEVELOPMENT
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... year of the life-cycle processing lunar soil at a rate of about 20 metric tons per
day growing to about 50 t per day in due course, producing lunar oxygen and ...
selena.sai.msu.ru/Symposium/future.pdf - Similar pages

Prinzton: Industry and the Three Village System
... Oxygen comprises 50% of food tissues by weight and 89% of associated water.
Abundant native lunar oxygen is what makes lunar food growing attractive. ...
www.lunar-reclamation.org/rille_paper3.htm - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Exploration of Lunar Resources for In-Situ Utilization
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... While it is not clear whether hydrogen can be efficiently exploited from regolith
materials, oxygen is certainly one of the most important lunar resources, not ...
solarsystem.estec.esa.nl/Moon2000/abs81_casanova.PDF - Similar pages

[PDF]KINETICS OF ILMENITE (FeTiO ) REDUCTION WITH HYDROGEN Ernest E. ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... One of the promising process concepts for lunar oxygen production is ilmenite reduction
with hydrogen. Ilmenite is an abundant mineral found in lunar regolith. ...
www.mines.edu/research/srr/2001abstracts/Roth.PDF - Similar pages

Moon Ships
... electric surface vehicles for regolith and cargo transport, automation and robotics
for mining, and extraterrestrial chemical processing for lunar oxygen ...
aerospacescholars.jsc.nasa.gov/ HAS/Cirr/EM/l7/Unit5c5.htm - 23k - Cached - Similar pages

Cis-Lunar MK-5P
Cis-Lunar MK-5P ... closed-circuit rebreathers are a type of mixed-gas system, enabling
descent to much greater depths than can be safely reached with oxygen ...
home.hawaii.rr.com/dive4kix/cislunar.htm - 4k - Cached - Similar pages

jeffb2
... The objective of this payload is to produce oxygen from lunar soil,
using techniques developed here at the University of Arizona . ...
ares.ame.arizona.edu/~jeffb/projects/lunarlander.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Sample Facility Tour - Pristine Sample Laboratory
... Small grains of iron in the lunar samples would combine with oxygen to form rust;
glasses and minerals would combine with the water in air to form clays. ...
www-curator.jsc.nasa.gov/curator/lunar/tour/PSL.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages
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David S. McKay Publications
... CC Allen, GG Bond, and DS McKay (1994) Lunar Oxygen Production - A Maturing Technology,
Engineering, Construction, and Operations in Space IV, Proceedings of ...
ilewg.jsc.nasa.gov/ILEWG/register/dmckay_papers.html - 3k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from ilewg.jsc.nasa.gov ]

Technical Evaluations for SAMPLE FIRM
... research proposed compliments the work already being done in processing oxygen from
lunar materials, and can actually utilize th by-products of lunar oxygen ...
www.reisys.com/ehb/reviews.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Analysis of Lunar Soil Simulant JSC-1
... Analysis of Lunar Soil Simulant Sample JSC-1: Abstract. The hypothesis for this experiment
was to determine an economical way to extract oxygen from lunar soil. ...
www.weir.net/~andrews/nasa/ - 14k - Cached - Similar pages

The NASA Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research ( ...
... The fourth Arkansas group, led by Arkansas State University, studies
Upper Atmosphere and Lunar Oxygen Chemistry. The cluster has ...
calspace.ucsd.edu/epscor/invest/arkansas.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Lunar Orbit Propellant Transfer
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... made. These include the traditional "direct ascent" approach as well
as more advanced schemes that use Lunar oxygen and hydrogen. ...
sworld.com.au/steven/pub/IAC99pap.pdf - Similar pages

Oxygen extraction from lunar soils and pyroclastic glass
... imaging. These experimental data also support the selection of feedstocks
and operating parameters for a lunar oxygen plant. AGU ...
earth.agu.org/pubs/abs/je/96JE02726/96JE02726.html - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Painting Experiment
... (2) their garden / farm / biosphere, as it depends on carbon*, nitrogen*, and probably
hydrogen* from Earth [as well as local lunar oxygen and many nutrients ...
www.lunar-reclamation.org/page15.htm - 40k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

NASA Lunar Survival Activity - Discovery Channel School
... LUNAR SURVIVAL KIT: box of matches; food concentrate; 25 meters of nylon rope; parachute
silk; two .45-caliber pistols; two 50 kg tanks oxygen; stellar map of lunar ...
school.discovery.com/lessonplans/ activities/nasalunarsurvival/ - 31k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Mission Scenarios
... independence from Earth. Local resources, such as lunar oxygen production
at the outpost are used to fuel the lunar excursion vehicles. ...
aerospacescholars.jsc.nasa.gov/ HAS/Cirr/EM/l7/Unit5c6.htm - 34k - Cached - Similar pages
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[PDF]PROSPECTING FOR LUNAR AND MARTIAN RESOURCES. G. Jeffrey Taylor ...
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... solar wind (hydrogen, he- lium, carbon, nitrogen) deposited in the lunar regolith
(the upper few meters of the Moon) may be a crucial resource for lunar oxygen ...
www.mines.edu/research/srr/2001abstracts/Taylor.PDF - Similar pages
[ More results from www.mines.edu ]

Cowley Lecture 23 -- Lunar and Terrestrial Chemistry; the Origin ...
... concerned. Lunar oxygen isotopes are within a few tenths of a per cent
of the terrestrial standard, and on the fractionation line. ...
www.astro.lsa.umich.edu/users/cowley/lecture23/ - 35k - Cached - Similar pages

1 1975 2 1977 3 1979 4 1981 AAS 1983 5 1985 6 1987 7 1989 8 1991 ...
... International, pg. 69. Oxygen Liquefaction & Storage System for a Lunar
Oxygen Production Plant/Eric B. Jenson, Pacer Works, Ltd. and Jerald ...
www.ssi.org/body_07-1989.html - 17k - Cached - Similar pages
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Human Space Exploration
... Besides giving us considerable leverage in our development of a space transportation
system, lunar oxygen can become one of the lunar community's most ...
neptune.spaceports.com/~helmut/exploration99/strategy1/ 2_5_1_utilization_lunar_resources.html - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Republic: Media Announcement
... The two firms have proposed that a small pilot plant for turning lunar soil into
oxygen be carried aboard a NASA lunar lander planned for launch in 1997. ...
www.lunarrepublic.com/news/us_moon_return.shtml - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

Apollo Oxygen And Two-Gas Environment Problems
... pressure are 4.8 psi, and for normal operating suit pressure, 3.8 psi.
This suggests a pure oxygen environment for the Lunar Module. ...
internet.ocii.com/~dpwozney/apollo2.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

EERC Publications By Author, 1990-2001: R
... Runge, BD; Stokke, T. Design of an Automated Process Control System for
Lunar Oxygen Production. Presented at the Design of an Automated ...
www.eerc.und.nodak.edu/pubs/90-01-R.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]On the Exploitation of Lunar Material Resources
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... Numerous processes for the extraction of oxygen from the lunar regolith have been
proposed and several of these have been experimentally tested or are under ...
solarsystem.estec.esa.nl/Moon2000/abs07_seboldt.PDF - Similar pages
[ More results from solarsystem.estec.esa.nl ]

Investment in the Artemis Project
... Primarily used as oxydizer for chemical rocket engines, but also marketable for
life support applications. [Information on Lunar Oxygen extraction]. Metals. ...
www.tlrc.com/investment.html - 13k - Cached - Similar pages

ORBITEC Product Initiatives
... and Furnaces for Space; Aerodynamic Levitators for Containerless Processing in 1-g;
High-Temperature Processing Systems; Lunar Oxygen Production on the Moon; Lunar ...
www.orbitec.com/orbitec/overview/cap.htm - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn Mineralogisch- ... - [ Translate this page ]
... Heft 2/3,275-283. Seboldt W., Lingner S., Hoernes S., Grimmeisen W., Lekies
R., Herkelmann R., Burt DM (1993): Lunar oxygen extraction using fluorine. ...
www.min.uni-bonn.de/homepage/hoernes/hoernes.htm - 26k - Cached - Similar pages

Artificial Lunar Atmosphere
... drag to hold you back, build a fine large blending machine to agitate the native
lunar dust with other compost. The twist is, use minute amounts of oxygen and ...
www.halfbakery.com/idea/ Artificial_20Lunar_20Atmosphere - 31k - Cached - Similar pages

The Apollo A7-L - The actual lunar spacesuit
... Lunar overshoes were ommitted, as they were not needed, and no backpack or control ... to
the crafts life support system, or the suit could be supplied with oxygen ...
www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Lab/5115/apollo.htm - 13k - Cached - Similar pages

Untitled Document
... JP Greenwood, JT Wasson, and KD McKeegan (2000) Metamorphosed CAI in Karoonda: constraints
on CK metamorphism from oxygen isotopic compositions. Lunar Planet. ...
oro.ess.ucla.edu/ionprobe/publications/2000.htm - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

Apollo Launch Pad - Human Spaceflight & Settlement
... Lunar Resources & Settlements Papers (JSC) Lunar Oxygen - Ground Truth & Predictions
(Carl Allen) (LEONews) Interlune 1 (Harrison H. Schmitt Discovery ...
apollo-society.org/humanspace2.html - 11k - Cached - Similar pages
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Buried on the Moon
... MOONFALL. After separating from the Russian Energia rocket, an automated cargo
lander settles toward the lunar surface with an oxygen production plant. ...
www.buriedonthemoon.com/lunox.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

lunar2
... Composed of hydrogen and oxygen, lunar ice could be mined and disassociated
into these two elements by means of electrolysis. Electric ...
lunar.arc.nasa.gov/results/ice/adv.htm - 19k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages
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The Universe
... available, you look for information about the lunarcrete production process, and
the extraction of oxygen from ilmenite (?lunox? or ?lunar oxygen?). ...
heelaldemo.aps.nl/english/pages/vraag.asp?ID=22 - 19k - Cached - Similar pages

Manned Missions to Mars - References
... [SM 6] 'Lunar Oxygen to LEO', Andrews, Snow, v4, p. 173. ... [SM 20] 'Silicon,
Aluminum, and Oxygen from Lunar Ore', R. Keller, v6, p.360. ...
www.androidpubs.com/awrefs.htm - 27k - Cached - Similar pages

WileyEurope :: The Moon: Resources, Future Development and ...
... Properties. C. Lunar Soil Simulation. D. Examples of In-suti Resource
Utilization (ISRU). E. Proposed Processes for Lunar Oxygen Extraction.
F ...
www.wileyeurope.com/cda/product/ 0,,0471976350%7Ctoc%7C2653,00.html - 20k - Cached - Similar pages

scenarios
... Process Development. Ideas for getting Oxygen from lunar materials have been generated
since the 1960s and '70s.* ... Manufacture of Oxygen from Lunar Materials. ...
lifesci3.arc.nasa.gov/SpaceSettlement/ scenarios/issues.html - 22k - Cached - Similar pages
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PSR Discoveries: Lunar & Planetary Science Conference
ALH 84001 Topics discussed at the 28th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference March
17 ... Romanek CS Ion Microprobe Analysis of Oxygen and Carbon Isotope Ratios in ...
www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Mar97/LPSCSessions.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Ice: Private Company's Mission-In-Progress Could Lead to ...
... And technology for using the newly-discovered lunar ice would give space exploration ... can
also be separated into its chemical components of hydrogen and oxygen ...
www.flatoday.com/space/explore/ stories/1998/030798d.htm - 7k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached

Study of Lunar Soil Confirms Moon's Origins
... Science, are not revolutionary: Similar results were found soon after the lunar ... similarities
between Earth and its satellite by studying the types of oxygen in ...
www.space.com/scienceastronomy/solarsystem/ moon_oxygen_011015.html - 31k - Cached - Similar pages

A Four-Star Hotel That's Out of this World
... Tourists interested in science and technology would want to visit the lunar
oxygen plants and other industrial sites on the Moon," he said. ...
www.space.com/businesstechnology/technology/ lunar_hotel_010719-3.html - 28k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.space.com ]

Mars Millennium Links
... htm. Oxygen from lunar material: http://exploration.jsc.nasa.gov/explore/DATA/RESOURCE/00TOC.htm
Producing Lunar oxygen. Weather: http ...
www.blazenetme.net/~quin/mmpweb/links/links.html - 13k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Soil Propellant
... which could be made entirely from materials known to exist in lunar soil. Most
of the compounds are oxides which could be broken down to yield oxygen. ...
www.space-rockets.com/Lsp.html - 4k - Cached - Similar pages

LBQ 2/99
... This report generates cost trends of liquid lunar oxygen used as a propellant for
a wide range of lunar development scenarios over life-cycles lasting several ...
vulcain.fb12.tu-berlin.de/koelle/lbq/april_99.html - 29k - Cached - Similar pages
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Moonbase, Lunar Colony Simulator
... cheap safe power output. -LLOX, Lunar-derived Liquid Oxygen, this is
made from mined moonrock. -Materials, these are usually solar ...
www.angusm.demon.co.uk/AGDB/DBM1/MoonLCS.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Mining
... for making solar power cells). Much of the rest of lunar soil is composed
of oxygen. Space Studies Institute (SSI) -- larger image ...
chview.nova.org/station/moonmine.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar base
... Combined, these groups evaluated different configurations of the lunar settlement ... to
deploy equipment, sources of energy, astronomical observatory and oxygen ...
www.russianspaceweb.com/lunar_base.html - 37k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

nssisdc
... laboratory, biomedical problems, space adaptation by humans, food production on
a lunar base, lunar base agriculture, a lunar base ecosystem, lunar oxygen, on ...
www.univelt.com/univeltpubs/astronautics/nssisdc.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Wickman Spacecraft & Propulsion Company
... When the first lunar base is established in this century, rocket engines can be
refueled with oxygen and aluminum powder obtained from processed lunar soil. ...
www.space-rockets.com/Wickmans.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages
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Ice on Earth's Moon
... Of course it was long known that oxygen could easily be extracted
from lunar rocks. But lunar rocks contain little or no hydrogen ...
www.xs4all.nl/~carlkop/moonice.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

The ESA Workshop of Space Exploration & Resources Exploitation
... He recalled the episode of a presentation on lunar oxygen given to the Johnson's
working group in presence of some high-brass from Headquarters: not only it ...
www.tdf.it/Italy/is/..%5C..%5Cenglish/xplos_1.htm - 27k - Cached - Similar pages

EERC Publications By Author, 1990-2001: N
... Ness, RO, Jr.; Runge, BD; Sharp, LL Process Design Options for Lunar
Oxygen Production. Presented at the American Society of Civil ...
www.eerc.und.nodak.edu/pubs/90-01-N.html - 18k - Cached - Similar pages
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[meteorite-list] Re: Oxygen Isotope Ratios was Lunar velocities. ...
[meteorite-list] Re: Oxygen Isotope Ratios was Lunar velocities... Darryl
S. Futrell futrelds@gte.net Mon, 2 Apr 2001 02:36:04 -0700: ...
www.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/ 2001-April/002870.html - 13k - Cached

Spacecraft - Lunar Module
... J-SERIES MODIFICATIONS Descent Stage: Increased supplies of oxygen and water; extended
electrical life. Quad 1 re-arranged to permit stowage of folded Lunar ...
users.commkey.net/Braeunig/space/specs/lm.htm - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Base
... teams sharing data with earth based stations; Life Support: growing food (Lunar Agriculture),
gathering and processing water, oxygen production from lunar soil; ...
www.ryeneck.k12.ny.us/RN-MiddleSchool/Teachers/ MrPoccia/space/Lunar%20Base.html - 18k - Cached - Similar pages

Our Lunar Base
... The photosynthesis makes even more oxygen. ... Transportation: For transportation,
we have a lunar monorail that has stations around the whole base. ...
www.ux1.eiu.edu/~imsa2/amit/lunnarbasewebsite.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Solar Zone
... DELIVERED TO YOUR PROPERTY. OZONE THERAPY. WHAT IS IT ABOUT? WHAT CAN OZONE
DO FOR YOU ? The body continually burns oxygen to convert food into energy. ...
findwhistler.com/page.cfm/1574 - 18k - Cached - Similar pages

Samuel Epstein
... Taylor, HP, Jr., and Epstein, S., 1970, Oxygen and silicon isotope ratios of
lunar rock 12013. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 9, 208-210. ...
www.gps.caltech.edu/faculty/epstein/ - 20k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Mining
... construction) and 20 percent silicon (which is needed for making solar
power cells). Much of the rest of lunar soil is composed of oxygen. ...
www.crystalinks.com/lunarmining.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

JSC Digital Image Collection - AS13
... 13 prime crew. S70-38747 image text Launching of the Apollo 13 lunar landing mission.
S70-40850 image text Fused thermal switch from Apollo Service Module oxygen ...
images.jsc.nasa.gov/iams/html/pao/as13.htm - 26k - Cached - Similar pages

Moon and Earth Formed out of Identical Material
... The oxygen isotope composition of lunar rocks had been measured long before but,
encouraged by the availability of the new method, the ETH researchers decided ...
www.spacedaily.com/news/lunar-01g.html - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

Editing Sample 1
... With the command module slowly losing oxygen and power, the crew moved
into the lunar module which still had oxygen and electricity. ...
www.written-word.com/editing1.htm - 17k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

[meteorite-list] Re: Oxygen Isotope Ratios was Lunar velocities. ...
[meteorite-list] Re: Oxygen Isotope Ratios was Lunar velocities...
meteorites@space.com meteorites@space.com 2 Apr 2001 07:50:56 ...
www.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/ 2001-April/002872.html - 18k - Cached
[ More results from www.pairlist.net ]

[PDF]Moon Lighting: Illumination for Lunar Base Construction and ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... Intense light radiates from burning metallic lunar dust in lunar oxygen.
Byproducts are a great deal of heat and recyclable dust-like residue. ...
www.oregonl5.org/docs/sr2002c.pdf - Similar pages

AAS 96-191
AAS 96-191. DEMONSTRATING LUNAR OXYGEN PRODUCTION: THE TEXAS INTERDISCIPLENARY
STUDENT MISSION DESIGN PROJECT. CC Seybold, M. Fischer ...
www.space-flight.org/AAS_meetings/ 1996_winter/abstracts/96-191.html - 1k - Cached - Similar pages
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Lunar Soil Samples
... Analysis of lunar samples returned by the Apollo astronauts confirms previous indications
that the ratios of the different types, or isotopes, of oxygen in the ...
www.aig.asn.au/lunar_soil_samples.htm - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Robotic Lunar Colonization
... Aluminum, iron, titanium, lunar glass, water, oxygen and helium 3 are all important
lunar materials. Areogels can be made easily out of lunar components. ...
www.gothlust.com/lunarproject.html - 61k - Cached - Similar pages

Untitled
... Hydrogen could be sent from Mars to be recombined with plentiful lunar oxygen
to form water on the Moon. Only one tenth of the mass of water is hydrogen. ...
www.imsa.edu/team/spi/SADVII/group6/phobos-6.htm - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Clementine Fact Sheet
... Additionally, the water from lunar polar ice and oxygen generated from
the ice could support a permanent facility or outpost on the Moon. ...
www.acq.osd.mil/bmdo/bmdolink/html/clemfact.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

ABCNEWS.com : Lunar Prospector to Crash into Moon Saturday
... The oxygen, of course, could also be used for breathing. Hydrogen = Water? Lunar
Prospector’s instruments have detected the presence of hydrogen around the ...
abcnews.go.com/sections/science/ DailyNews/mooncrash990730.html - 33k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar And Planetary Institute
... NO.: 0830676 AUTHORS: AGOSTO,WN + KING,EA TITLE: IN SITU SOLAR FURNACE PRODUCTION
OF OXYGEN, METALS AND CERAMICS FROM LUNAR MATERIALS SOURCE: LUNAR AND ...
www.ari.net/moon/lunarman.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages
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www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mnr/st/std087
... might even be able to ship the water around by rocket using no hydrogen except for
the short fast thrust needed at takeoff, and using mainly the lunar oxygen ...
19k - Cached - Similar pages

Remote Sensing Tutorial Introduction - Part 1 Page 3
... Less than one day from lunar orbit, an oxygen tank exploded blowing the side
of the CSM, and causing loss of most electrical power and oxygen. ...
rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/AppA/Part1_3.html - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

CNN - The Lunar Prospector Mission
... With the proper fuel to melt the ice into water, future astronauts staying at lunar
outposts could drink it and breathe the oxygen released from breaking it ...
www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/space/prospector/mission/ - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Review 0352
... E. Proposed Processes for Lunar Oxygen Extraction. -F. Facilitating
Space Commerce Through a Lunar Economic Development Authority. ...
www.amazings.com/sbb/reviews/review0352.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

Korelev's Lunar Mission Profile
... It was physically larger than the present carbon dioxide absorber canister and the
present oxygen bottle. Work on the Kretchet lunar suit was started in 1965. ...
www.fas.org/irp/imint/96vol38_vick.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

About Lunar Water
... craters that instruments on board the Lunar Prospector spacecraft found frozen water.
This water-ice could be mined and then split into hydrogen and oxygen by ...
www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/ moon/lunar_water.html&fr=t - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

One Giant Leap: The Legacy Of Apollo 11
... composed in a large part by oxides of silicon and other metals, and in that sense,
a good 46 percent of the weight of the lunar surface is composed of oxygen. ...
exn.ca/apollo/Future/ - 26k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Technical Report
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
... In view of the critical importance of lunar oxygen production to lunar development,
acquisi- tion of large samples of high-Ti regolith should be a top priority ...
fti.neep.wisc.edu/FTI/pdf/wcsar9201-3.pdf - Similar pages

[PDF]Planetary telescience: characterization of the resource potential ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... has the potential of showing whether oxygen can indeed be released from martian
soil when it is exposed to moisture. REGA also measures the reaction of lunar ...
www.islandone.org/ISDC/ISDC1999_Houston/ISDC99-Abstracts_CD/ AIAA%20Abstracts/Planetary%20Telescience.pdf - Similar pages
[ More results from www.islandone.org ]

The Cold War & Space Race
... The command module's oxygen, water, and electrical power supplies decreased
rapidly as a result. The lunar landing was thus aborted. ...
www.vibrationdata.com/space/Apollo13.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar
... 600 billion tons of ice on the moon, which may sound like a lot, but lunar ice is
nevertheless a limited resource. If the water is used as hydrogen and oxygen ...
www.cae.wisc.edu/~wiscengr/issues/nov99/lunar.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

ZING's Space Project: The Apollo Missions
... Apollo 13 was supposed to land in the lunar region of Fra Mauro, but due to an explosion
on the spacecraft that was related to oxygen tank wiring the crew was ...
www.udel.edu/physics/scen103/ZING/lunarswingby.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Tidal mudstone deposits yield clues to rate of lunar retreat -- ...
... known as tidal rhythmites, have revealed some fascinating clues to the rate of lunar ... The
deposits allow scientists to use oxygen-18 as a tracer, he explained. ...
csd.unl.edu/csd/resource/vol-10/tidal.htm - 13k - Cached - Similar pages

2000???
... Itoh, S, Kojima, H. and Yurimoto, H. (2000) Petrography and oxygen isotope chemistry
of calcium-aluminum rich inclusions in CO chondrites. In Lunar and ...
www.geo.titech.ac.jp/lab/yurimoto/paper/p2000.html - 4k - Cached - Similar pages

Oxygen
Oxygen-Hydrogen Liquid Fuel Rockets. Geoff Canham, LUNAR #498. I love launching
solid-fuel rockets at LUNAR, but there is one problem with them (apart from the ...
www.lunar.org/docs/LUNARclips/v7/v7n2/oxygen.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Orbital Rendezvous
... Once established in a 60 nautical mile lunar parking orbit, the LM crew powers
up their landing vehicle. ... oxygen, liq. hydrogen & liq. oxygen, liq. ...
www.christa.org/lunar.htm - 16k - Cached - Similar pages

Publications in 1998
... CK Shearer and LA Leshin (1998) The origin of olivine in Martian Meteorite ALH84001.
The oxygen isotopic systematics of the olivine. Lunar Planet. Sci. ...
oro.ess.ucla.edu/ionprobe/publications/1998.htm - 5k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from oro.ess.ucla.edu ]

Constructing a Permanent Lunar Base
... the Moon. Metals can be extracted from the lunar soil; oxygen is a
very useful by-product of the process. This provides invaluable ...
www.crhc.uiuc.edu/~bjb/writings/lunar.html - 25k - Cached - Similar pages

Experiment Information
... the vehicle), deploying the Apollo lunar surface experiment package (ALSEP), making
geological surveys, and riding in the lunar roving vehicle. The oxygen and ...
lsda.jsc.nasa.gov/scripts/cf/exper.cfm?exp_index=378 - 13k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Cis-Lunar Page
... Mk5P. Rich Pyle with the Mk5P. Rich Pyle has been using the Cis-Lunar ... patented chest
mounted "Gas Control System" which includes manual add valves for the oxygen ...
www.nwdesigns.com/rebreathers/CisLunar.htm - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

Apollo 13
... of the Moon, but an explosion of one of the oxygen tanks and resulting damage to
other systems resulted in the mission being aborted before the planned lunar ...
www.apolloexplorer.co.uk/apollo13.htm - 11k - Cached - Similar pages
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Apollo Lunar Module
... The Story Grumman Lunar Module More Background. For Teachers Curriculum Resources
For Students On-Line Activities Off-Line ... 1- Two 100 pound tanks of oxygen. ...
www.fi.edu/pieces/schutte/nasarank.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Mars Life Support Test Program
... The sampled air stream passed through a humidity analyzer, a cold trap (to remove
water vapor), an oxygen analyzer, and finally through an infrared CO 2 ...
pet.jsc.nasa.gov/Reports/Phase3/07_LMLSTP.html - 23k - Cached - Similar pages

The first lunar base
... p.4]. 7.3.3 Lunar oxygen Quite a large number of papers have been written which
discuss recovering oxygen from the moon for shipment down to low earth orbit. ...
www.androidpubs.com/Chap07.htm - 87k - Cached - Similar pages
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CNN - Scientists: There is ice on the moon - March 5, 1998
... Oxygen could be used for breathing, and the combination of hydrogen and oxygen can
be used as a rocket fuel. Animation depicting the Lunar Prospector between ...
www.cnn.com/TECH/space/9803/05/nasa.moon.ice/ - 16k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Pioneers in Motion: The Lunar Module by Grumman
... Insulation Vent 26. Thermal Insulation Blankets 27. Lunar Surface Sensing Probe
28. ... LM Pilot's Console & Circuit Breaker Panel 66. Oxygen Umbilical Hoses 67. ...
www.lihistory.com/specpio/lemgraf.htm - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

EXP-Project Apollo (Part 3): Apollo 13
... VOICE TWO: THE ASTRONAUTS AND THE FLIGHT CONTROL CENTER QUICKLY DECIDED THAT THE
LUNAR MODULE COULD BE THEIR LIFEBOAT. IT CARRIED OXYGEN, WATER, ELECTRICITY ...
www.manythings.org/voa/01/010418ex_t.htm - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Electrochemistry Encyclopedia --- Space processing
... Oxygen from lunar resources. Production from ilmenite. ... Lunar Production
of Oxygen by Electrolysis, R. Keller, Volume 8, pp 342-345, 1991. ...
electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/encycl/art-s01-space-proc.htm - 23k - Cached - Similar pages

APOLLO MANIACS:Apollo spacecraft Lunar Module
... Quad No.3 has oxygen tank and a helium tank, variety materials for the
moon investigation, and LRV(Lunar Roving Vehicle) at J-mission. ...
www2k.biglobe.ne.jp/~t_muto/apollo/lme.htm - 14k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Het Heelal
... (´lunox´of ´lunar oxygen´). Beschrijf het proces en besteed daarbij aandacht
aan de chemische reacties, producten en milieuaspecten voor de maan. ...
heelaldemo.aps.nl/pages/vraag.asp?ID=22 - 24k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Rock - Home of the Northwest Africa 482 (NWA 482) Lunar ...
... Material was then forwarded to Dr. Robert Clayton of the University of Chicago
for oxygen isotope analysis. Lunar and Planetary Laboratory ? University of ...
www.lunarrock.com/Research.asp?m=4 - 20k - Cached - Similar pages

DISCOVER Vol. 21 No. 7 (July 2000) Table of Contents To Breathe ...
... Those poor guys climbing Mount Everest ought to be using rebreathers," says Richard
Nordstrom, president of Cis-Lunar. "Instead of taking 500 oxygen tanks ...
www.discover.com/jul_00/feattech.html - 12k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

BBC News | Sci/Tech | What we can make of Moon water
... The oxygen and hydrogen extracted from Lunar ice could be used as a much more energy-efficient
way of sending space stations and satellites into orbit around ...
news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/ tech/newsid_62000/62348.stm - 22k - Cached - Similar pages
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Discovering Greater Earth
... (Figure 9) shows a Lunar Oxygen factory also necessary to support human and industrial
operations on the Moon as well as rocket fuel for other activities. ...
www.ours.ch/greaterearth/discover.html - 34k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Apollo - Lunar Module Survivor Activity
... 1- Two 100 pound tanks of oxygen. Oxygen to breathe would be the most pressing need
for survival. ... No oxygen on Moon to sustain the flame, matches won't work.
www.fi.edu/pieces/schutte/nasarankpr.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.fi.edu ]

Analysis of NASA's 90 Day Report:
... In particular, the following items are NOT required for H2M: Space station; Lunar
transfer vehicle; Lunar base; Lunar oxygen production facility; Orbital assembly ...
www.boulder.swri.edu/~benke/mars/90_day_report.html - 3k - Cached - Similar pages

LZM
... Single story, four-lobed facility dedicated to lunar surface biological and physics
research and production of oxygen from lunar soil for long-duration stay on ...
www.friends-partners.ru/partners/mwade/craft/lzm.htm - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

The Cold Rush is On Rotary Lunar Mission
... Oxygen is common in lunar rock, so making liquid oxygen from it is easy. Hydrogen
and hydrocarbons, on the other hand, have so far proved to be scarce. ...
www.spacedaily.com/news/lunar-98f.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.spacedaily.com ]

Pluto, Venus, and the Moon - Russia and Solar System Exploration
... 237-240. 208. L. David, "Lunar Oxygen Facility Tested Aboard Russian
Moon Rover", Space News, 29 August - 4 September 1994, p.10. 209. ...
www.fas.org/spp/guide/russia/science/ solarsystem/pluto.htm - 6k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.fas.org ]

Guardian Unlimited Books | By genre | Observer review: Lunar Men ...
... Uglow writes that in order to understand the lives and work of the Lunar ... the big
inventions (Newton and optics, Franklin and electricity, Priestley and oxygen ...
books.guardian.co.uk/reviews/history/ 0,6121,784079,00.html - 34k - Cached - Similar pages

Apollo 13 Facts
... was planned as a lunar landing mission but was aborted en route to the moon after
about 56 hours of flight due to loss of service module cryogenic oxygen and ...
www.si.edu/harcourt/nasm/Apollo/ AS13/Apollo13_fact.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

NSSDC Master Catalog: Spacecraft
... the landing rocket, two tanks of aerozine 50 fuel, two tanks of nitrogen tetroxide
oxidizer, water, oxygen and helium tanks and storage space for the lunar ...
nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/ MasterCatalog?sc=1970-029C - 9k - Cached - Similar pages
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LEK
... Production of new materials and gases from the lunar soil (including oxygen for
human activities and eventually as rocket oxidiser) and the collection of ...
www.astronautix.com/project/lek.htm - 13k - Cached - Similar pages

Volume 1 No. 2
... Roughly 50% of the lunar soil, by weight, is oxygen, bound in chemical compounds.
One method of extracting that oxygen is to pass heated hydrogen over it. ...
www.lunarsettlement.com/Newsletters/ V01/V01N02/V01_n02.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mnr/st/std088
... The propellant sources you want are stuff you can get from the lunar
rock--oxygen and aluminum (oxygen 40%, aluminum 5% by weight). ...
15k - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.cs.cmu.edu ]

buzz.html
... It carried its own supply of electricity, water and oxygen. ... The suit of course
weighed one-sixth its actual weight because of lunar gravity. ...
www.ransomechua.com/Pages/buzz.html - 9k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached

Block G of the N1-L3 lunar expeditionary complex
... complex, was designated Block G. During the lunar expedition, Block G equipped with
a single engine burning a mix of kerosene and liquid oxygen, would send the ...
www.russianspaceweb.com/n1_g.html - 11k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages
[ More results from www.russianspaceweb.com ]

Chris Herd IOM
... 7. Herd, CDK and JJ Papike (1999) Nonstoichiometry in SNC spinels: Implications
for the determination of oxygen fugacity from phase equilibria. Lunar and ...
epswww.unm.edu/iom/c%20herd%20iom.htm - 4k - Cached - Similar pages

Scott Messenger Publications
... Sci., 30, 1101 (1999). S. Messenger: Oxygen Isotopic Imaging of Interplanetary
Dust By TOF-SIMS, Lunar Planet. Sci., 30, 1600 (1999). 1998. T. Bernatowicz, S ...
presolar.wustl.edu/people/messenger2.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Orbital Rendezvous "A Pathway to the Moon"
... It will use five J-2 engines, burning liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen. ... The Lunar
Orbital Rendezvous Mode was selected by NASA in July, 1962, as the best and ...
www.apollosaturn.com/LOR.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

[PPT]Lecture 2 TRANSDUCERS
File Format: Microsoft Powerpoint 7 - View as HTML
... Example Applications: Space station biotechnology laboratory; Remote telescope operation;
Lunar/Martian rovers; Lunar oxygen production; Martian oxygen production.
www.ece.arizona.edu/~ece485/ lectures/ppt/telemetry7.ppt - Similar pages

Homesteading the planets
... structures. On a more conventional note, the most abundant element
on the lunar surface is oxygen - 42 percent of the total. It's ...
science.nasa.gov/newhome/headlines/msad28apr98_1a.htm - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]High Performance Materials Applications to Moon/Mars Missions and ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... a substrate of titanium oxide. The most likely feedstock for a lunar
oxygen plant is the local soil. Moon dust itself is a mixture ...
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RU Dept. of Geology: Jeremy Delaney
... Institute, (CD-ROM); MD Dyar, JS Delaney, and C. Tegnar (2001) Ferric iron in feldspar
as an indicator of evolution of planetary oxygen fugacity. In Lunar and ...
www.rci.rutgers.edu/~geolweb/delaney.html - 25k - Cached - Similar pages

Our Lunar Base
... filter the gases and even find some of these on the moon, as oxygen is abundant
in our sector according to gamma ray spectrometer findings of the Lunar ...
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Institute of Meteoritics Research Projects
... information is obtained for these minerals for the purpose of determining oxygen ... Integrated
SIMS/TIMS Studies of Martian Meteorites and Lunar Samples (Funded ...
epswww.unm.edu/iom/Research_Activities.htm - 21k - Cached - Similar pages
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Scotsmist Personal Computer Support Appendix - Acronyms L
... Network [Telephony]. LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories. LLO
Low Lunar Orbit [Space]. LLOX Lunar Liquid Oxygen [Space]. LLP Line ...
www.scotsmist.co.uk/acronyms_l.html - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

Space Industrialization and Economics
Space Industrialization and Economics. ... Utilization of Lunar Resource: Oxygen,
Iron, and Casting Material from Superheated Melts of Lunar Regolith. ...
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Other Information
... Control Systems for Low-Temperature Heat Rejection on a Lunar Base, NASA Goddard
Space Flight Center, 5/1/91-8/14/95. Design of a Solid Oxide Oxygen Compressor ...
www.ame.arizona.edu/faculty/sridhar/others.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Hydrogen

[PDF]Polar Hydrogen Deposits on the Moon
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... The map of Epi * counting rates north of +70 o shows a general concentration of
hydrogen along the Moon-Earth meridian that is tilted away from the Earth. ...
lunar.lanl.gov/pubs/2000/Polar_H_Deposits_on_Moon.pdf - Similar pages

The Lunar Prospector's crash landing on the moon uncovered ...
... Prospector, in fact, found tantalizing evidence of water by detecting large amounts
of hydrogen at the moon's poles. Hydrogen is one of two elements in water. ...
www.space.com/missionlaunches/missions/ lunar_prospector_000614.html - 26k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Rallying for a Return to the Moon
... 1999. A key observation made by the probe was the detection of hydrogen
at the Moon's north and south poles. Those concentrations ...
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Full Moon - Hydrogen Alpha Light
"Full Moon" - Hydrogen-Alpha Light. Click here for a higher resolution
image. Imaging Details: Imaging Date: August 21st, 2002. Imaging ...
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15 Day Old Moon - Hydrogen Alpha Light
"15 Day Old Moon" - Hydrogen-Alpha Light. Click here for a higher resolution
image. Imaging Details: Imaging Date: August 24th, 2002. ...
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ABCNEWS.com : NASA Finds Water on Moon
... The most plausible explanation for the presence of hydrogen on the moon is that there’s
water there too—two atoms of hydrogen bonded around an oxygen atom. ...
www.abcnews.com/sections/science/ DailyNews/moon0305.html - 26k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Water on the moon
... electron. The obvious explanation for hydrogen is water -- or ice --
in the moon's soil. Hydrogen shouldn't exist on the moon. None ...
whyfiles.org/060moons/ourmoon2.html - 8k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Water, water, not everywhere
... Soon after Prospector reached the moon, its neutron spectrometer began signaling
the presence of hydrogen atoms in the moon's "soil." (Want to borrow a sample ...
whyfiles.org/060moons/ourmoon.html - 6k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages
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Planetary Society: Headline for 1/13/98
Join Today. Planetary Logo. ... Hubble Reveals Glowing Gas on Jupiter's Moon Io Hydrogen
Gas at the Moon's Poles Called "One More Oddity on an Already Strange Moon". ...
www.planetary.org/html/news/articlearchive/ headlines/1998/headln-011398.html - 9k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Planetary Society: Headline for 1/5/98
... to the planets. Besides sustaining life for moon colonies, hydrogen
from the ice can be extracted for rocket fuel," Feldman said. ...
www.planetary.org/html/news/articlearchive/ headlines/1998/headln-010598.html - 11k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages
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Untitled
... ANSWER LIST Hydrogen, Moon, Sun, Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, basalt,
anorthosite, crater, chondrite, Asteroid belt, stony meteorite, iron meteorite ...
www.cita.utoronto.ca/~murray/GLG130/Exams/Midterm_01_answers/ Midterm_01_answers.html - 13k - Cached - Similar pages

Ice on the Moon
... The lunar water could also serve as a source of oxygen, another vital material not
readily found on the Moon, and hydrogen, which could be used as rocket fuel. ...
nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/ice/ice_moon.html - 15k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

ABCNEWS.com : Lunar Prospector to Crash into Moon Saturday
... Hydrogen = Water? Lunar Prospector’s instruments have detected the
presence of hydrogen around the moon’s north and south poles. ...
abcnews.go.com/sections/science/ DailyNews/mooncrash990730.html - 33k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Moon Miners' Manifesto: Save the Lunar Ice!
... South pole. More importantly, it will keep the hydrogen on the Moon,
where it will be essential for closed life support systems. ...
www.asi.org/adb/06/09/03/02/102/lunar-ice.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

Moon Miners' Manifesto: Lunar Aluminum and Oxygen Propellants
... still have to be supplied from Earth. Hydrogen is extremely rare
on the Moon [Ed. in general. We can hope that Lunar Prospector ...
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[PDF]POTENTIAL RESOURCES OF THE MOON
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
... SOLAR-WIND CONSIDERATIONS * VARIABLES AFFECTING ADDITIONS AND LOSSES OF HYDROGEN
NEAR THE POLES ­ SOLAR-WIND FLUX VS. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE ­ TILT OF MOON'S ...
silver.neep.wisc.edu/~neep533/FALL2001/lecture10.pdf - Similar pages

[PDF]ALL PRIVATE INITIATIVE TO RETURN TO THE MOON
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
Page 1. ALL PRIVATE INITIATIVE TO RETURN TO THE MOON ADVANTAGES, OPPORTUNITIES, STRATEGY
AND ... FROM THIS) * HELIUM-3 ­ RESOURCES FOR USE IN EARTH ORBIT * HYDROGEN ...
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Apollo Expeditions to the Moon: Chapter 3
... its adoption, the number of F-1 engines to be used in the first stage of the Moon ... The
fuel for the J-2 engines of the two upper stages is liquid hydrogen. ...
www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-350/ch-3-2.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Apollo Expeditions to the Moon: Chapter 4
... the 3000-ton Saturn V stack that lifted oft on the journey to the Moon ... most of the
trip; fuel cells to generate electricity (along with the oxygen and hydrogen ...
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Romance to Reality: moon & Mars mission plans
... therefore," he writes, "it is imperative that we learn to utilize the resources on
the moon to ... Ilmenite reduction using hydrogen, carbon monoxide, or methane. ...
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Romance to Reality: moon & Mars mission plans
... use sensors to study the moon. Return to Earth needs 110 hours, so mission duration
is 585 hours. Oxygen needed on the CSM totals 1341 pounds; hydrogen, 128 ...
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ARTICLE: Hubble finds one more oddity on an already strange moon
... UW-Madison scientist Frederick Roesler and his colleagues have found evidence of
glowing hydrogen gas on Jupiter's moon Io, first discovered in 1610 by Galileo ...
www.news.wisc.edu/view.html?get=2925 - 13k - Cached - Similar pages

Online NewsHour: Water on the Moon -- March 6,1998
... The Lunar Prospector has these instruments on board. The Lunar Prospector
is orbiting the moon, and it can measure hydrogen. It ...
www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/science/ jan-june98/moon_3-6.htm - 17k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Workshop on Moon Beyond 2002 3006.pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... Together with the steady migration of hydrogen released from the soil elsewhere on
the Moon, the predicted hydrogen con- tent of the topmost meter of regolith ...
www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/moon2002/pdf/3006.pdf - Similar pages

[PDF]Workshop on Moon Beyond 2002 3067.pdf
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... trapping of hydrogen in one or more chemical states owing to the low temperatures
of obliquely illu- minated and permanently shadowed regions near the Moon's ...
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Prospecting for Water on the Moon
... Lunar Prospector mission indicates that water exists in permanently shadowed areas
of the Moon?s poles. However, its instruments can only measure hydrogen; ...
www.lunacorp.com/water.html - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

Hydrogen Halides
... the temperatures of the deep troposphere (>400 K) are expected to be the hydrogen ... Figure
7.7: (a) Superposed Saturn and Moon spectra binned to 0.5 GHz channels ...
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Hydrogen Halides
... at the temperatures of the deep troposphere (>400 K) are expected to be the hydrogen ... Figure
6: (a) Superposed Saturn and Moon spectra binned to 0.5 GHz channels ...
www.ericweisstein.com/research/ papers/limits/node9.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

BBC News | Sci/Tech | Radar finds Moon's cold spots
... Last year, the neutron spectrometer aboard the Lunar Prospector orbiter, launched
in January 1998, detected significant deposits of hydrogen at the Moon's ...
news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/ tech/newsid_359000/359840.stm - 19k - Cached - Similar pages

BBC News | Sci/Tech | What we can make of Moon water
... The only thing that the Moon lacks is hydrogen. Ice near the lunar poles would provide
it. It could be used for drinking, for irrigation and for rocket fuel. ...
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PSRD Hot Idea: Mining the Moon, Mars, Asteriods
... All the approaches produced water by reaction of the hydrogen with the
soil. On the Moon, this water could be used for life support. ...
www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Nov00/mining.html - 19k - Cached - Similar pages

PSR Discoveries: Hot Idea: Ice on the Moon
... This hydrogen and oxygen is a prime rocket fuel, giving us the ability to refuel
rockets at a lunar "filling station" and making transport to and from the Moon ...
www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Dec96/IceonMoon.html - 16k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages
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Moon facts
... The Moon surface is constantly exposed to the solar wind from which it traps the
precious hydrogen and helium (and also the helium-3 isotope that could be used ...
sci.esa.int/content/doc/15/2325_.htm - 18k - Cached - Similar pages

Zoom Astronomy Glossary: H
... the sun, are "main sequence stars," fueled by nuclear fusion converting hydrogen ... Hevelius
(1611-1687) was a German astronomer who published the first moon map. ...
www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/ astronomy/glossary/indexh.shtml - 50k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Prospector Crash Fails to Liberate Moon Water
... whether ancient cometary impacts delivered ice that remains buried in permanently
shadowed regions of the Moon, as suggested by the large amounts of hydrogen ...
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Radiation shielding from Mars or Moon dirt?
... worn down. Oddly, one of the better ways to stop radiation is with
lightweight materials - hydrogen, boron, and lithium. The nuclei ...
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Views of moon's poles show potential for ice deposits
... Last year, the neutron spectrometer aboard the Lunar Prospector orbiter, launched
in January 1998, detected significant deposits of hydrogen at the moon's ...
www.news.cornell.edu/Chronicle/ 99/6.17.99/moon_poles.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Ice on Earth's Moon
... water can be broken down into oxygen and hydrogen, the discovery of ice meant that
these two gases no longer had to be transported from the Earth to the Moon. ...
www.xs4all.nl/~carlkop/moonice.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Robotic moon rover will provide science and entertainment
... in Pittsburgh, will explore the south pole region and try to unravel a mystery that
started when NASA's Lunar Prospector detected hydrogen near the Moon's poles ...
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Crashing into the Moon for signs of water
... This last mission could prove that yes, there is water on the Moon! In March of
1998, Lunar Prospector's neutron spectrometer detected hydrogen among several ...
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lunar2
... mission. This instrument will search for water ice -- specifically,
by detecting the element hydrogen on the Moon's surface. Since ...
lunar.arc.nasa.gov/results/neutron.htm - 18k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

lunar2
... Hydrogen and helium: Because its surface is not protected by an atmosphere, the
Moon is constantly exposed to the solar wind, which carries both hydrogen and ...
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More Info - Wet Earth, Dry Moon (July 24, 2002)
... believe, for example, that the giant impactor that formed the moon ... 500-kilometer-diameter
planetary "embryo" containing water with Earth's deuterium/hydrogen ...
www.earthsky.com/2002/esmi020724.html - 7k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Jupiter's Magnetosphere - Io: Jupiter?s Volcanic Moon
... in the sky than the full moon. Jupiter's magnetic field is generated deep within
the planet. Although its outer atmosphere is composed primarily of hydrogen gas ...
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LANTR -- To The Moon in 24 Hours [1994]
... Earth. Its engines are powered by 14t of hydrogen delivered by the
nuclear shuttle, and oxygen produced on the Moon. Engine Life ...
www.abo.fi/~mlindroo/Station/Slides/sld051t.htm - 19k - Cached - Similar pages

A year at the Moon: Lockheed Martin Lunar Prospector spacecraft ...
... Subsequent analysis, combined with improved lunar models, shows conclusively
that there is hydrogen at the Moon's poles," Binder said. ...
lmms.external.lmco.com/newsbureau/ pressreleases/1999/99.01.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

(Series)The Day The Moon Becomes The Heartland of Humankind
... There have been news report that ice has been found in the lunar polar region, but
it has not yet been verified. In fact, little hydrogen exists on the Moon. ...
www.nasda.go.jp/lib/nasda-news/1997/11/series_e.html - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

The Return To The Moon Board
... on Earth and, if indeed the economy begins a full scale transformation to a hydrogen ... and
statistical analyzis of asteroid bombardment on the surface of the Moon ...
www.space-frontier.org/cgi-bin/BBS/MoonBase/read/133 - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Ask an Astronomer Answer Archive
... We sent a probe called the "Lunar Prospector" to the moon recently. It detected
the existence of hydrogen near the moon's north and south poles. ...
www.ucolick.org/~mountain/AAA/answers/moon/mo12.html - 3k - Cached - Similar pages

BBCi - Space - The Moon
... wind. This is not all bad news however. Hydrogen stored in the Moon's
surface could one day be used a source of fuel. WHAT TO SEE ...
www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/solarsystem/ earth/moon.shtml - 18k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Untitled
... 4. the sun and the moon are on the same side of the earth. ... Water is composed of oxygen
and hydrogen, whereas alcohol is composed of oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon ...
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Jupiter
... of Jupiter (and other Jovian planets) strong magnetic field is the metallic hydrogen ... high
speed protons and electrons) and particles ejected from the inner moon ...
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NASA Spacecraft May Have Discovered Water on Moon
... Mainly, it means that astronauts could distill moon water into liquid oxygen and
liquid hydrogen fuel - "like making moonshine," said principle investigator ...
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DefenseLINK News: Clementine Spacecraft Reveals Ice On the Moon
... Hydrogen and oxygen are prime components of rocket fuel, giving the space program
the ... at a lunar "filling station" and making transport to and from the Moon ...
www.defenselink.mil/news/Dec1996/m120396_m253-96.html - 14k - Cached - Similar pages

Clementine spacecraft photographs of the Moon suggests deposits ...
... The lunar ice could be mined and dissociated into hydrogen and oxygen by electric ... both
breathable oxygen and potable water for the permanent station on the Moon ...
www.defenselink.mil/photos/Dec1996/ 961203-D-0000O-001.html - 16k - Cached - Similar pages
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The Saturn V Apollo Moon Rocket
... It can place more than 120 tons in earth orbit, or send 45 tons to the moon ... The five
J-2 engines of the second stage will use high-energy liquid hydrogen fuel. ...
www.apollosaturn.com/svfacts.htm - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Moon
... slowed down by hydrogen, comparing the proportion of fast, hot neutrons to the slower,
cold ones will give a measure of the amount of hydrogen on the Moon's ...
www.k26.com/witus/Universe%20Tour/Solar_System/ Planets/EARTH/Moon/luna.html - 41k - Cached - Similar pages

PERMANENT - Lunar Materials - Volatiles
... Over the eons, comets and asteroids rich in volatiles such as water,
hydrogen, carbon and nitrogen have bombarded the Moon. Each ...
www.permanent.com/l-ices.htm - 22k - Cached - Similar pages

Re: Colonizing the Moon is a very unimportant and unrewarding ...
... And you can't grow plants on the Moon (you have to import all food). Its impossible.
It has a month night-day cycle. It has no hydrogen, no nitrogen, no carbon ...
www.permanent.com/archi.msg/319.htm - 17k - Cached - Similar pages
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New Science: Lunar Prospector to Crash into Moon (06/21/99)
... The moon's south pole is the best place for the crash, because Prospector's
detectors found a lot of hydrogen in that area. Hydrogen ...
kids.msfc.nasa.gov/News/1999/News-Prospector.asp - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Experimental Study on Water Production by Hydrogen Reduction of ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... Keywords : moon, water production, hydrogen reduction, lunar soil simulant 1.
INTRODUCTION In the near future, man will be able to live on the moon. ...
www.mines.edu/research/srr/Presentations/ Yoshida_SRR-good.PDF - Similar pages

National Space Society: The Center For Lunar Research
... students: Michael J. Zalewski, Matthew J. Malecki, and Junjie Ding, who were investigating
the implantation, diffusion, and transport of hydrogen on the Moon. ...
www.nss.org/lunar/ - 19k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Degradation of the Lunar Vacuum by a Moon Base - GA Landis (1990 ...
... Assuming a specific impulse of 400 seconds (90% of the theoretical specific impulse
of a hydrogen/oxygen engine), landing on the moon requires 0.8 tons of ...
www.islandone.org/Settlements/DegradeLunarVacuum.html - 25k - Cached - Similar pages

NASM--Apollo to the Moon--Fuel Cells
... GEMINI FUEL CELL SECTION A Gemini spacecraft carried two hydrogen-oxygen fuel ... SectionChecklists
and Flightplans JavaScript Tour Racing to Space || The Moon ...
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NASM--Apollo to the Moon--Apollo Fuel Cell Section
... Manufacturer: Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Division of United Aircraft Corporation GEMINI
FUEL CELL SECTION A Gemini spacecraft carried two hydrogen-oxygen fuel ...
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Ganymede's atmosphere
... January 18, 1997. Atomic hydrogen found escaping from Ganymede implies Jupiter's
largest moon has large amounts of oxygen hovering over or locked up in its icy ...
www.cyberwest.com/cw11/11scwst2.html - 13k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

THE EFFECT OF HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, POVIDONE-IODINE AND RUNNING ...
... THE EFFECT OF HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, POVIDONE-IODINE AND RUNNING LOADS ON RAT KNEE
JOINT CARTILAGES. Jeong-Lim Moon and Myung-Sang Moon , Department of ...
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Moon's Water
... spectrometer results, said the preliminary data indicated the moon could hold enough
water to sustain a human colony for generations, or enough hydrogen to ...
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Imagine the Universe! Dictionary
... In astronomy, he discovered Titan (Saturn's largest moon) and was the first to correctly
identify the observed ... hydrogen The lightest and most abundant element. ...
imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/dict_ei.html - 42k - Cached - Similar pages

Spacecraft crash to end productive mission
... The scientists estimate a hydrogen abundance equivalent to about
two billion tons of water in total near the moon's poles. Soil ...
www.lanl.gov/worldview/news/releases/ archive/99-108.shtml - 21k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Lunar albedo at hydrogen Lyman by the NOZOMI/UVS
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... 0810, Japan (Received July 14, 2000; Revised September 11, 2000; Accepted September
20, 2000) The geometric albedo of the Moon at the wavelength of hydrogen ...
www.terrapub.co.jp/journals/EPS/pdf/5209/52090645.pdf - Similar pages

Untitled
... v) Considering how much Hydrogen the Sun can convert into energy (iii), how long
can ... Knowing how far away and how big the Moon is, it is possible to calculate ...
www.public.iastate.edu/~abischof/astro120/hw2help.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Water on the Moon
... Lunar Prospector is currently in low orbit around the Moon. It has no camera and
will send back no lunar images. Its neutron spectrometer looks for hydrogen. ...
www.albany.edu/physics/aphy103moonwater.html - 2k - Cached - Similar pages

"Moon Ice" observed by Lunar Prospector
... The neutrons were created when space rays hit hydrogen particles in ice. According
to the data reading, taken some 100 kilometers from the Moon's surface, the ...
spaceboy.nasda.go.jp/note/taiyo/ e/tai9808_moonice_e.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

Air Pollution on the Moon
... Fifty parts per million isn't much, but it seems to be the best source of hydrogen
on the moon, and it's conveniently easy to recover--literally, all you have ...
www.sff.net/people/Geoffrey.Landis/moonair.html - 33k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Solar-Wind Hydrogen at the Lunar Poles
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
... Further, thermalized hydrogen released elsewhere on the Moon during daytime heating
and by micrometeoroid impacts will be ionized and entrained in the solar ...
fti.neep.wisc.edu/FTI/pdf/fdm1120.pdf - Similar pages

Lunar Prospector discovers frozen water at moon's poles
... Scientists thought they would find some hydrogen in the moon's soil because the
element is dispersed throughout the solar system by the sun's powerful winds. ...
www.floridatoday.com/space/explore/ stories/1998/030698f.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Spacecraft hits the moon, no dust seen
... in lunar orbit, using five instruments to map the magnetic, chemical and gravitational
character of the moon. One instrument received a signal for hydrogen, ...
www.floridatoday.com/space/explore/ stories/1999b/080199a.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages
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Lunar
... This elemental data returned indicated large deposits of hydrogen at the moon?s
poles. These hydrogen deposits are proof that there is ice on the moon! ...
www.cae.wisc.edu/~wiscengr/issues/nov99/lunar.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Clementine found Ice on the Moon
... This hydrogen and oxygen is a prime rocket fuel, giving the space program the ... rockets
at a lunar "filling station" and making transport to and from the Moon ...
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Tropos - Ocean Moon
... complex is shown here, now partially submerged and overgrown with bizarre hydrogen ... protected
the coloists from the airless environment of the former ice moon ...
www.fur.com/~ollie/waterbox.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

The case against water ice on the moon: 7/99
... The strongest evidence in favor of the existence of ice on the moon is ... instrument
cannot detect water ice directly, but has measured excess levels of hydrogen ...
www.stanford.edu/dept/news/report/ news/july28/moonice-728.html - 17k - Cached - Similar pages

Spacecraft crash for lunar ice
... The crash is planned July 31. Prospector, as part of its primary mission,
clearly detected hydrogen at the moon's poles. Hydrogen ...
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h-longevity. Hydrogen against aging, illnesses and death! - What ...
... of youth - Mercury rules the biofilters of hydrogen donors removing and reducing
hydrogen ... not have the own biofilter, is not shown on the figure, 11 - the Moon ...
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CNN - NASA readies for moon mission - December 4, 1997
... Previous missions have spotted evidence of hydrogen in the polar regions
of the moon, suggesting traces of water. The neutron spectrometer, ...
Description: [CNN.com]
Category: News > Online Archives > CNN.com > 1997 > December > Technology
www.cnn.com/TECH/9712/04/lunar.prospector/ - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

CNN - The moon: What's science got to do with it? - July 13, 1999
... that will yield a better estimate of the moon's core -- which now appears to be tiny,
less than 1 percent of the moon's mass. A water, or at least, hydrogen map ...
www.cnn.com/TECH/specials/apollo/ stories/lunar.science/ - 35k - Cached - Similar pages
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Workbench: You Can?t Vacuum the Moon
... in pressure allow a vacuum to work and why this wouldn't work on the moon. ... The
hydrogen spout demonstration: - You will need a large 1000 mL beaker, a flask ...
www.concord.org/~barbara/workbench_web/ unit1/1-15Suction.html - 22k - Cached - Similar pages

Deconstructed : Contemporary Music : News : Store : Information
... Hydrogen Dukebox HEMP16CD Icarus Kamikaze CD: Moon Palace / Tirol Op Klompen /
Agua Para Mis Abuelos / Xenotransplantation / Gordon Detail / Jon's Holiday ...
www.deconstructed.co.uk/ catresults.asp?TypeSearch=Artist&DaInBox=Icarus - 28k - Cached - Similar pages

OUR MOON
... Prospector sought out to provide the first operational gravity map of the Moon. ... to
take for each of the following elements:Element range mapping time Hydrogen ...
www.expage.com/page/maeonmoon - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Science Fiction Gallery -- Main Menu
Stellar Armada, Hermes, Blue Moon, On The Third Moon, Exosphere, Hydrogen
Flash, Hyperspace Bypass. The Mountains of Moon II, Dustbow, You ...
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Lunar Resources
... Exploration of the lunar surface in search of oxygen-rich soil, hydrogen, helium-3,
and ... The most likely place on the Moon where water ice may be found is below ...
www.seds.org/~rme/lunar.html - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

home, home on the moon
... volumes of space are very difficult to come by once you start living on the moon.
The fuel mix I had in mind for Moonhab-1 was either straight hydrogen peroxide ...
www.freeluna.com/homemoon.htm - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

Ask Stella : The Unhappy Demise of Magneto-Moon
... Stars shine by converting hydrogen to helium in nuclear reactions, so a star's
total fuel supply is determined by the number of hydrogen atoms inside it. ...
www.astro.ucla.edu/~kaisler/words/astrotext/ articles/event_horizon/constel_chng.html - 4k - Cached - Similar pages

Space Resources
... However, hydrogen has several drawbacks. One, it can be difficult to obtain:
the Moon and Mars, for example, are chronically deficient in hydrogen. ...
www.spacecolonization.com/SpaceResources.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Why Land on the Moon? by Robert Jastrow and Homer E. Newell
... program can make a unique contribution, for, surprisingly, the exploration of the
moon ... ripe for the ignition of a thermonuclear reaction, in which the hydrogen ...
www.theatlantic.com/issues/63aug/jastrow.htm - 32k - Cached - Similar pages

No sign of water yet as craft hits moon
... One instrument received a signal for hydrogen, leading scientists to suggest
there was frozen water in the moon's constantly shaded craters.
www.chron.com/content/interactive/space/astronomy/ news/1999/solarsys/990801.html - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

Water On The Moon
... instead of being used for anything as frivolous as drinking?like Mir astronauts,
explorers will gulp recycled sweat?Moon water will be turned into hydrogen ...
popularmechanics.com/science/ space/1998/7/water_on_moon/ - 101k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Moonstruck?Apollo 11 Plus 30
... delivery costs running at about $10,000 a pound, Duke argues it might make more sense
for NASA to equip the ISS with hydrogen-burning rockets and use moon fuel ...
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Mountains and Magma Oceans
... DH Crider and LV Starukhina still hold out for the idea that the hydrogen deposits
detected at the Moon's poles by Lunar Prospector are nothing more than ...
www.spacedaily.com/news/lunarplanet-2000-00b2.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

Clementine Fact Sheet
... most of the water hitting the Moon has been broken up into its constituent atoms
of oxygen and hydrogen, escaped into space and removed from the Moon. ...
www.acq.osd.mil/bmdo/bmdolink/html/clemfact.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

 

When Do We Go Back To The Moon?
... It found evidence of hydrogen concentrations at the Moon's North and South poles
and future missions will want to prove that this hydrogen is bound up with ...
www.mindspring.com/~larrykellogg/_wsn/page2.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Jupiter - Planets - Mars,Earth,Jupiter,Venus,Saturn,Neptune,Moon ...
... s (>30 degrees latitude) Scale height: 27 km Mean molecular weight: 2.22 g/mole Atmospheric
composition (uncertainty in parentheses) Major: Molecular hydrogen ...
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NASM--Apollo to the Moon--Fuel Cells
Both Gemini and Apollo spacecraft obtained electrical power from hydrogen-oxygen
fuel cells. A fuel cell is like a battery. It converts ...
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Section 380: The Moon Rocket Challenge
... m (363 ft). Payload to orbit: 129,300 kg (285,000 lb). Payload to Moon ... Propellants:
liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen. Total thrust: 5,560,000 newtons (1,250,000 lb ...
www.hrw.com/science/si-science/earth/spacetravel/ spacerace/SpaceRace/sec300/sec380.html - 26k - Cached - Similar pages
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United States - Lunar Ice Discovery: A Space Odyssey
... Its strength left water as the most likely explanation for what they
saw, because it is the most stable form of hydrogen on the moon. ...
www.csmonitor.com/durable/1998/03/09/us/us.3.html - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

The frozen oceans of Mars | csmonitor.com
... Similar techniques were used by the Lunar Prospector mission, which mapped hydrogen
concentration on the Moon's surface and, surprisingly, found a reasonable ...
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Powersof10.com
... 05 | This historic picture, taken from the Moon from the observatory designed and
built by Carruthers, represents the first whole earth view of the hydrogen ...
www.powersof10.com/powers/people/station_172.html - 31k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

[PPT]Chapter 6: The Earth-Moon System Measuring the Size of Earth & ...
File Format: Microsoft Powerpoint 97 - View as HTML
... Jupiter’s magnetic field is generated by its large mass of liquid metal hydrogen ... 16.
Chapter 9: The Jovian Planets Jupiter. Io, the Galilean moon closest to ...
campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/steve.cobb/ WebPagesforCourses/ast199-9.ppt - Similar pages

Problems for Chapter 6
... 6-6. Compute the wavelengths for Hydrogen atom transitions between all levels up
to 7. Do ... 6-9. It is often suggested that the full moon has an effect on the ...
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Moon Walkers Bali
... Model: Hydrogen Material: Double Taslon Color: Green, Orange, Red, Dark grey, Light
grey, Light blue Size: XS, S, M, XM, L, XL Wholesale price : US$ 16/pce. ...
www.mwbali.com/altwear/hydrogen.html - 3k - Cached - Similar pages

Asteroids could supply moon, Mars bases
... spacecraft could be produced by breaking down water from the asteroid into hydrogen ... of
gravity and atmosphere, ferrying the newly mined materials to the moon ...
www.usatoday.com/weather/stuffworks/ asteroidmine111000.htm - 30k - Cached - Similar pages

Drobyshevski
... just plain standard electrolysis that you can do in kitchen with battery and glass
of water, where you make hydrogen and oxygen bubbles. But ice of an ice moon ...
neofuel.com/exodusweb/explodingmoonone/ - 40k - Cached - Similar pages

Robert C. (Bob) Reedy Publications
... Abstract: This paper reviews the sources of hydrogen in the Moon and discusses the
use of measurements of thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons to determine ...
ilewg.jsc.nasa.gov/ILEWG/register/reedy_papers.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

SETI public: How The Search For Water In Space Can Help To Find ...
... One may develop 'gas stations' where future spacecraft could take on supplies
of fuel (the detected hydrogen in the Moon and abundant oxygen) or water. ...
seti.sentry.net/archive/public/ 2000/03-00/msg00044.html - 14k - Cached - Similar pages

Babybot Robo-Lindy Maa-Maa's Boys Plasmamobiles Water on the Moon ...
... The orbiter's instruments find hydrogen--evidence of water--by measuring
the number of neutrons produced by cosmic rays hitting the moon. ...
www.discover.com/dec_issue/breakwater.html - 8k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]ASTRONOMY 1: EXAM 2 Wednesday, August 8, 2001
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... C. Rock, metal and hydrogen compounds. ... If the Moon rotated FASTER than its current
synchronous rate, then its tidal bulges would always lead the line-of-sight ...
www.dartmouth.edu/~astro1/exams/sample.exam2.pdf - Similar pages

Morehead Planetarium: The Sun
... of a solar eclipse, (when the disk of the Sun is completely blocked by the Moon ... So
far, the Sun has fused about half of the hydrogen originally in its core into ...
www.morehead.unc.edu/Universe/Sun.html - 8k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

www.georama.gr
... Oxygen Tank 8.Second Stage Rocket 9.Third Stage Engine (one) 10.Liquid Hydrogen Tank ... Thirty
five years ago, a trip to the Moon was conceivable only as science ...
www.georama.gr/eng/history/04_3.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

Uranus-Moons-15 Temp.-Unknown Atmosphere-Melthane Hydrogen Helium ...
... Uranus-Moons-15 Temp.-Unknown Atmosphere-Melthane Hydrogen Helium Distance
from Earth-2,736 million km. Pluto- has a moon about its size -coldest. ...
www.maxpages.com/blastoff/Uranus_and_Pluto_2 - 24k - Cached - Similar pages

Paul G. Lucey Lunar Astrobiology
... 4,5,6); transport of water and other species from impact sources across the Moon ... It
was the discovery of hydrogen concentrations at the lunar poles by the ...
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Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century
... Hydrogen and Water Desorption on the Moon: Approximate On-Line Simulations,
603. Blanford, GE, Borgesen, P., Maurette, M., Moller, W. & Monart, B. ...
ads.harvard.edu/books/lbsa/toc.html - 39k - Cached - Similar pages

Phil Plait's Bad Astronomy: Bitesize Astronomy
... I say ``might be'' because what they really found was the presence of hydrogen, and
the only way we know to get hydrogen to stick around on the Moon is to have ...
www.badastronomy.com/bitesize/lp_crash.html - 14k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Crash Landing
... Prospector detected large quantities of hydrogen at the moon's poles,
indicating presence of water ice. Prospector discovered hydrogen ...
www.geocities.com/SoHo/Cafe/5618/ssmooncrash.html - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Solar Facts
... During a total eclipse of the Sun, the Moon blocks out blinding light of the Sun's ... When
the supply of hydrogen in its core does begin to run out, the Sun will ...
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2001 Mars Odyssey - GRS
... Lunar Prospector data showing hydrogen on the moon. GRS will supply
data similar to that of the successful Lunar Prospector mission ...
mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/technology/grs.html - 25k - Cached - Similar pages

A Mystery of Space: STAR S- [Galactic Glossary] U12
... part of the atmosphere of the sun appearing as a gray halo around the moon's ... also
the edge of a black hole 2: the apparent junction of earth and sky Hydrogen a ...
library.thinkquest.org/25763/g.htm - 17k - Cached - Similar pages

PhysicsWeb - New views of the Moon
... hydrogen. The conditions on the Moon are such that the hydrogen is
most likely to be locked within ice molecules. Lunar Prospector ...
physicsweb.org/article/world/12/7/8 - 48k - Cached - Similar pages

A100 at IUN, Fall 1996: First Midterm
... of the hydrogen lines in her star's spectrum to those she gets from a hydrogen ... We
don't see solar eclipses every 28 days because: the Moon's orbit is tilted ...
astro.uchicago.edu/home/web/lucia/ a100/exams/exam.1.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

Solar System
... div id="idPlanet"> <img src="earth.gif"> </div> <div id="idMoon"> <img src="moon.gif ... The
Sun is, at present, about 75% hydrogen and 25% helium by mass (92.1 ...
www.cross-browser.com/ss/solar_system.html - 19k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]Atmospheric Escape
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... temperatures of the solar system as a function of the distance from the Sun, the
student will * determine whether the Earth and the Moon could have a hydrogen ...
www.astro.washington.edu/astro150u/ CoursePak/11_atmos_esc.pdf - Similar pages

[PDF]template for two-page abstracts in Word 6 (PC)
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... Chemical analyses of all samples of the Moon returned to Earth show that the lunar
surface is highly depleted in volatiles [1]. Specifically, the hydrogen ...
lunar.lanl.gov/pubs/1999/new_views_II_hydrogen.pdf - Similar pages
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www.perkins-observatory.org/1998.columns/3-15-98
... The main engines of the Space Shuttle are fed by gigantic tanks filled with liquid
hydrogen and oxygen. The moon thus has the raw materials to make it a ...
4k - Cached - Similar pages

Hubble Finds Oxygen Atmosphere On Jupiter's Moon Europa
... The relatively lightweight hydrogen gas escapes into space, while the heavier oxygen ... Europa
is approximately the size of Earth's Moon, but its appearance and ...
www.solarviews.com/eng/europapr.htm - 12k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

Absolute FreeGK
... Jupiter is the fourth brightest object in the sky (after the Sun, the Moon and ... Jupiter
is about 90% hydrogen and 10% helium (by numbers of atoms, 75/25% by mass ...
www.freegk.com/planet/jupiter.php - 43k - Cached - Similar pages

www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mnr/st/std040
... One reason for running oxyhydrogen engines hydrogen-rich is that slightly cooler
combustion ... K_MACART%UNHH.BITNET@VMA.CC.CMU.EDU Subject: Reactors on the Moon To ...
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Planetary Science
... RC Elphic, BL Barraclough, S. Maurice, I. Genetay, and AB Binder, Polar Hydrogen
Deposits on the Moon, Journal of Geophysical Research,, accepted, 1999. ...
www.lunar-exploration.net/science.htm - 16k - Cached - Similar pages

Public Relations Press Release
... science team that designed and built the ultraviolet spectrometer flying on Galileo,
said hydrogen atoms escaping from Callisto implies the Mercury-sized moon ...
www.colorado.edu/PublicRelations/NewsReleases/ 1997/New_Jupiter_Findings:_Oxygen_A.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

Untitled
... Therefore, the transport cost for water on the Moon if produced with Martian
hydrogen, would be 4.4 megajoules per kilogram - about 6 cents per liter. ...
www.imsa.edu/team/spi/SADVII/group6/phobos-6.htm - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

[PPT]Chapter 6: The Earth-Moon System Measuring the Size of Earth & ...
File Format: Microsoft Powerpoint 97 - View as HTML
... In the Sun, 4 hydrogen nuclei are fused to form 1 helium nucleus and energy. The
fusion process in the Sun converts only 0.7% of the original mass into energy. ...
www.ferris.edu/HTMLS/academics/syllabi/ christafferson/sun/ast140L5.ppt - Similar pages

China aims for the moon - smh.com.au
... Water splits into hydrogen and oxygen: it can become both rocket fuel and the breath
of life. With a gravitational tug just one sixth of the Earth's, the moon ...
www.smh.com.au/articles/2002/05/21/1021882055129.html - 24k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

THE SPONTANEOUS GENERATION OF HYDROGEN
... The idea was quite simple, that hydrogen, as fusion fuel for stars, was ... Thomas C.
Van Flandern's interpretation of stellar occultation of the moon in transit ...
zyx.org/HYDROGEN.html - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Space Today Online - Exploring Saturn - The Giant Moon Titan
... Titan is the only moon known to have a large atmosphere. ... Its atmosphere contains
methane, which is composed of carbon and hydrogen and is found in small ...
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Global Network - Reclaiming the Moon: Plans for a 21st Century ...
... Heaps of sunlight?cold traps that likely contain water ice, or at least hydrogen.
Those are distinct pluses for making a Moon base viable, Jarvstrat said. ...
www.globenet.free-online.co.uk/ moon/reclaimingthemoon.htm - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell letter - March 1999 - Feature
... Like a Trip to the Moon". ... covers bus demo project preparation, preparation of public
transportation transition, preparation of private transportation, hydrogen ...
www.hfcletter.com/letter/march99/feature.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Back2Moon Web Archive
... and a real chance for _permanent_ terraforming that is not there on the Moon. ... Rocket
interceptors with hydrogen bombs to give the correct change in Delta V to ...
www.ari.net/b2m/0241.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

How to get Manned Missions back to the Moon by the year 2000
... with a minimal set of systems to ensure safe crew flights to and from the Moon ... It
uses a single RL-10 hydrogen/oxygen rocket motor for lunar orbit insertion and ...
www.ari.net/moon/forum/mp/mp-1-rev4.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages
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Sun & Moon
... Whereas the Bible calls the sun and moon ‘lights’, and merely adds to ... an early
stage of its evolution, characterized by the transformation of the hydrogen ...
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Photovoltaic Power for the Moon
... of self deploying pv array] A self-deploying photovoltaic array on the moon. ... During
the daytime, the solar arrays electrolyze water, and the hydrogen and oxygen ...
powerweb.grc.nasa.gov/pvsee/programs/solarmoon.html - 19k - Cached - Similar pages

Living and working on the Moon
... Among these are, for example, oxygen, nitrogen, methane and hydrogen. All
are valuable materials for the future Moon colonies. LUNAR POWER. ...
www.xs4all.nl/~carlkop/livmoon.html - 27k - Cached - Similar pages
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Daily Free Press -Online science Tuesday, September 15, 1998
... NASA finds hydrogen, proof of water on moon Denise Jewell DFP Staff.
After nearly 30 years of travel to the moon, NASA has discovered ...
www.collegepublisher.com/media/paper87/ DFPArchive/science/0915982.html - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

Indiachildren - Children's Corner (Universe and Earth)
... Due to the collision of debris from the earth, formed the moon and started orbiting ... our
solar system the Sun is the largest body, which is made up of hydrogen ...
www.indiachildren.com/learn/tellmemore/universe.htm - 21k - Cached - Similar pages

Part 7: Illustrating real life examples
... Finally, let's zoom over a bit and look at lunar farside, the half of the Moon
never ... Atom type, Color. Hydrogen, White. Carbon, Black. Nitrogen, Blue. Oxygen,
Red. ...
www.astronexus.com/misc/3dgraphics/ povfortech/part7.html - 22k - Cached - Similar pages

Brief synopsis of recent evidence for ice on the moon
... instrument, the neutron spectrometer, which detected many slow neutrons coming from
the moon's ... atomic weight at some locations in the soil: it could be hydrogen ...
www.tass-survey.org/richmond/answers/moon.html - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

Science News Online (1/3/98): Space 1998 From the moon to Mars ...
... Cosmic rays striking atoms on the moon's surface create a steady stream
of neutrons, which are efficiently scattered into space by hydrogen. ...
www.sciencenews.org/sn_arc98/1_3_98/bob1.htm - 24k - Cached - Similar pages

Physics 9 The Solar System with Prof
... Hydrogen moves faster than the escape velocities of these planets. What is the luminosity
of our moon? Two possible ways to answer this. The first is better. ...
casswww.ucsd.edu/physics/ph9/h2_answers_draft.html - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Prospector Facts
... Traces of hydrogen can also be implanted in the Moon's surface by the solar
wind, but the amount locked up in water molecules dwarfs those traces. ...
scikits.com/LFacts.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Europa
... Europa is slightly smaller than the Earth's Moon. ... particles hitting Europa's icy
surface producing water vapor which is subsequently split into hydrogen and ...
seds.lpl.arizona.edu/nineplanets/ nineplanets/europa.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

No visible splash from moon crash
... the ultraviolet signature of the water vapor as it breaks down into hydrogen ... provide
further confirmation for a view that once seemed heretical: that the moon ...
www.msnbc.com/news/292829.asp - 55k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

www.astro.umn.edu/intro/examinfo/past_exams/LRMQ1.txt
... For the most part, craters on the Moon were formed by a) volcanoes that are now extinct
b ... Only a small fraction of the atoms in Earth's atmosphere are hydrogen. ...
9k - Cached - Similar pages

Water on the Moon in 1834?
... `It will orbit the moon for a year and will have instruments that could ... board a neutron
spectrometer that can detect from lunar orbit the presence of hydrogen ...
users.visi.net/~cwt/moon-ice.html - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

Oxygen Extraction from Lunar Samples
... Over twenty different methods have been proposed for oxygen extraction on the
Moon. The reduction processes, particularly those which use hydrogen as the ...
www-curator.jsc.nasa.gov/curator/ lunar/lnews/lnmar97/oxygen.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

The Moon
... wind. Over its 4 billion year lifetime many hydrogen ions from the
solar wind have become embedded in the Moon's regolith. Thus ...
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efforts to find evidence of water on the moon came up dry 10/99
... Establishment of useful upper limits on estimates of the density of the Moon's ... water
from hydrated minerals;; No water exists in the crater and the hydrogen ...
stardate.utexas.edu/pr/archive/19991013water.html - 15k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached

Planets
... Look up information on hydrogen. What temperatures would have to exist on
the surface of a planet or moon to have an ocean of liquid hydrogen? ...
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Water From the Moon
Water From the MOON!! (Well, partially). What do you get when you mix terrestrial
hydrogen, oxygen that is chemically bound in lunar materials, and heat? ...
ares.jsc.nasa.gov/HumanExplore/Exploration/ EXLibrary/docs/BeyondLEO/leo194/water.htm - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Prospector crash to search for water on moon 07/99
... of water would then put to rest speculation that the hydrogen was solely hydrogen ... the
spacecraft to plunge into a permanently shadowed crater near the moon's ...
www.utexas.edu/admin/opa/news/99newsreleases/ nr_199907/nr_ice990723.html - 13k - Cached - Similar pages
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sun & moon
... Solar prominences photographed using a hydrogen alpha filter during Earth Day/Astronomy
Day ... The moon's shadow takes a bite out of one of the sun's magnetic ...
www.meteor.dotstar.net/sunmoon.htm - 20k - Cached - Similar pages

WATER ICE ON MOON
... IT SEARCHES FOR WATER BY LOOKING FOR DISPLACED HYDROGEN ATOMS. THESE ARE FORCED
FROM WATER BY NEUTRON ATOMS IN THE GAMMA RAYS FROM SPACE THAT HIT THE MOON. ...
www.fas.org/mars/980318-moon.htm - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

EIGHT MONTHS ABOVE THE MOON
... ACTUALLY MAPS THE PRESENCE OF HYDROGEN, AND WE KNOW THAT THERE'S EXCESS HYDROGEN
IN ... 15) "THE POTENTIAL DISCOVERY OF WATER MAKES MANNED ACTIVITIES ON THE MOON ...
www.fas.org/mars/980904-ice2.htm - 6k - Cached - Similar pages
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[DOC]Speed = 45,645 km per hour
File Format: Microsoft Word 2000 - View as HTML
... The problem with such testing is any given phase of the moon repeats itself ... Chapter
18. 26). The Sun?s core contains enough hydrogen to continue burning off ...
www.yale.edu/ar/Astrowork/Homework%203.doc - Similar pages

Homework 3
... The problem with such testing is any given phase of the moon repeats itself ... Chapter
18. 26). The Sun’s core contains enough hydrogen to continue burning off ...
www.yale.edu/ar/Astrowork/Homework%203.htm - 21k - Cached - Similar pages
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EXPLORIT Science Center - The Planets
... Titan, the largest appears to be the only moon in our solar system to have an ... The
surface is probably a liquid or slushy hydrogen "crust", Atmosphere is hydrogen ...
www.explorit.org/science/planets.html - 13k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

REPP-CREST : HYDROGEN
... [68] Why don?t we put a fuel cell on the moon and beam the energy back to Earth?Although
almost 1/3 of the moon?s thin atmosphere is composed of hydrogen, ...
www.repp.org/articles/static/ 1/995303594_1008081206.html - 58k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

The Files of Hydrogen Guy
... Steve-o made many a flash banner for the "Black Gold, Blue Moon" cross-over.
Zap DB and WIN! (a can of condensed milk...). The Hydrogen SMACKDOWN! ...
aix1.uottawa.ca/~jevan093/hydrogenguy/extras.html - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

The Files of Hydrogen Guy - Episode 46
... yes, that's right, part III) of ... Black Gold, Blue Moon Same Hydrogen
Time... Same Hydrogen Website! And don't forget to catch ...
aix1.uottawa.ca/~jevan093/hydrogenguy/episode46.html - 26k - Cached - Similar pages
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t2_sp2002
... (a) A thick atmosphere (b) An insulating atmosphere (c) A rapid spin (d) At least
one moon. 19. The core of Jupiter contains (a) gaseous hydrogen (b) liquid ...
www.uark.edu/misc/clacy/ASTR2003/tests/t2_sp2002.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

More Info - Moon Rocket Man (March 16, 2000)
... and the suggestion of using liquid fuels, preferably liquid oxygen and hydrogen. ... man
traveling beyond Earth's atmosphere, to orbit Earth or even visit the Moon ...
www.earthsky.com/2000/esmi000316.html - 13k - Cached - Similar pages
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Prospector to Crash into Moon
... The presence of water ice on the moon would be extremely important for a
lunar base and the hydrogen could be a source of fuel for spacecraft. ...
starryskies.com/Artshtml/dln/7-99/prospector.html - 5k - Cached - Similar pages

calisto,moon of jupiter
... we can only produce in a laboratory here on Earth - liquid metallic hydrogen. ... The
craters come from asteroids and meteorites that have crashed into the moon ...
www.thursdaysclassroom.com/16sep99/article1.html - 8k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

California Hydrogen Business Council - AIR & SPACE PROPULSION - ...
... on the moon have aluminum, iron, silicon, calcium, glass and other materials that
could be useful in building a power station, and have oxygen and hydrogen ...
www.ch2bc.org/index3.htm - 101k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]COMPUTER SIMULATION OF SPUTTERING OF LUNAR REGOLITH WITH SOLAR ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... H-bearing species of solar wind origin) in lunar exosphere as one of the possible
sources of hydrogen in the permanently shaded polar regions of the Moon. ...
solarsystem.estec.esa.nl/~dheather/download/ abstracts/Starukhina_et_al.pdf - Similar pages

Science Explained explains the discovery and significance of ...
... More importantly, the oxygen and hydrogen gas produced on the Moon will be easily
available to space travelers because the Moon is a MUCH better place to "fill ...
www.synapses.co.uk/science/moonwat.html - 54k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

SSE: Press Releases: 12-Mar-01: Lunar Prospector Provides a World ...
... emphasis placed on the search for polar water-ice deposits as implied by hydrogen ... Spectrometer
designed to measure the history of gas release events on the Moon ...
solarsystem.nasa.gov/whatsnew/pr/010312E.html - 30k - Cached - Similar pages

Images, Lunar Prospector impact art/images
... Caption: This image reveals Lunar Prospector spacecraft neutron spectrometer
extended mission data showing excess hydrogen at the Moon's south pole. ...
amesnews.arc.nasa.gov/releases/1999/99images/ lunarpospector/LPcrapix.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

NSSDC Master Catalog Display: Experiment
... in the counts between the two cannisters indicate the number of thermal neutrons
detected, which in turn indicates the amount of hydrogen on the Moon's crust ...
www.etsu.edu/physics/etsuobs/ starprty/112198mwc/nspec.htm - 3k - Cached - Similar pages

THE AGE OF THE EARTH - 1
... The hydrogen should have escaped and the oxygen should be in the atmosphere, but
this is not so.?p. 14. ... 14-15. EVIDENCE FROM OUR OWN MOON. 1 - Moon dust. ...
www.pathlights.com/ce_encyclopedia/05agee2.htm - 17k - Cached - Similar pages

The Return To The Moon Board
... toward investing billions and making the huge change from gasoline stations to hydrogen ... The
Moon promises huge quantities of PGMs available just for the taking ...
www.space-frontier.org/cgi-bin/BBS/MoonBase/read/106 - 9k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages
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Lunar Waters Run Deep
... hydrogen was most likely present in water, because water is the most stable form
of hydrogen that could exist in the shady and cold environment of the moon. ...
www.wired.com/news/news/technology/story/14808.html - 28k - Cached - Similar pages

Moon Race 2001 Charity
... Saturn V to fulfill President Kennedy's goal of landing a man on the Moon ... Five Rocketdyne
J-2 engines burned liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen stored in this ...
www.moonrace2001.org/sv_history.shtml - 11k - Oct. 19, 2002 - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF]APPENDIX B
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... rotation or spin around its axis relative to the fixed stars will cause the Moon's ... orb
e / . The maximum energy loss due to the electron's spin in the Hydrogen ...
www.colutron.com/download_files/APPENDIXB.pdf - Similar pages

Harvest Moon # 1 - Spring 1993
... The rest must be upported from Earth: the 36% of food that is carbon, 6% hydrogen,
and 3% nitrogen, along with a few Moon-scarce micro-nutrients. ...
www.lunar-reclamation.org/page10hm1.htm - 49k - Cached - Similar pages

quasi-dyson's sphere
... add the oxygen to the Martian atmosphere, and do what you will with the hydrogen ... On
a planet or moon with very little gravity, this jet of moisture could keep a ...
www.halfbakery.com/idea/quasi-dyson_27s_20sphere - 25k - Cached - Similar pages

Electrochemical Energy Systems - Water Electrolysis and Hydrogen ...
... were brought from the Earth, but shortly after that time, a study was conducted which
suggested significant savings if materials could be brought from the Moon ...
www.hsssi.com/solar-power-f.htm - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

AST 201 Test 1 2002
... Because the moon will be cooler than the sun, the moon's radiation will peak at
a ... 21% 11 minutes) The figure in part (a) shows the Bohr model of the hydrogen ...
www.erin.utoronto.ca/~astro/ast201/ tests/test1_2002_sol.html - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

ASD Planetarium: StarWatch
... the internal pressures that are created are far too small to initiate hydrogen fusion ... Quadrature,
Conjunction The changing positions of the planets and the Moon ...
www.astronomy.org/StarWatch/September/index-9-98.html - 8k - Cached - Similar pages

Lunar Prospector Spacecraft to Return to the Moon in 1997
... and colonization of the Moon and the inner solar system. It would mean that water,
necessary for life support and as a source of both oxygen and hydrogen ...
lmms.external.lmco.com/newsbureau/ pressreleases/1995/9577.html - 9k - Cached - Similar pages
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The History of the Earth
... 4 hours), eventually being slowed down by the gravitational pull of the moon ... have
contained ammonia, sulfur dioxide, methane and other gases as well as hydrogen ...
www.newgenevacenter.org/west/earth-history.htm - 24k - Cached - Similar pages

Amazing Space
... As there is less metallic hydrogen it is smaller than the Jovian magnetosphere. ... Theories
for the formation of the rings include a partly formed moon or passing ...
www.marsacademy.com/amazsp/a11.htm - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

Untitled
... It also is powered by liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, and generates only approximately ... not
separated as it is needed to send the Apollo and LM to the moon. ...
www.razgaitis.com/Apollo/S-IVB.htm - 6k - Cached - Similar pages

Ganymede (moon) - Wikipedia
... lacking the ring mountains and central depressions common to craters on the Moon ... oxygen
is produced when water ice on Ganymede's surface is split into hydrogen ...
www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganymede_(moon) - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

Helium-3

Silicon Dioxide / Regolith

Meteorite Hazards

Ice?