Tailored Force Fields: Steady Potential Field Methods

 

Electrodynamic Tether. Courtesy NASA Marshall Research Center
Solar Sail: Courtesy NASA
Lightcraft: Courtesy NASA, Prof. Leik Myrabo, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Generation of forces by interaction with steady potential fields is well-known.
Electrostatic Levitation. Courtesy NASA/ LORAL   M2P2 (Mini-Magnetospheric Plasma Propulsion: Courtesy NASA; Prof. Wingleee, U. Washington